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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1744-1818), Queen consort of George III

Sitter associated with 83 portraits
Queen of George III. The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, she first her future husband on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English and kept under the King's strict supervision, Charlotte felt alienated from both her husband and her adopted country during the initial decades of her marriage. Eventually the couple formed a strong and affectionate bond. Although she did not play much part in politics, her connections with German dukedoms made her a channel for the king's continental affairs. She had fifteen children and her popular reputation was that of unimpeachable if rather stern domesticity.

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'Frying sprats, toasting muffins' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12433

'Frying sprats, toasting muffins' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 November 1791
NPG D12433

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

'Anti-saccharrites, - or - John Bull and his family leaving off the use of sugar', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12446

'Anti-saccharrites, - or - John Bull and his family leaving off the use of sugar'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 27 March 1792
NPG D12446

'Scotch Harry's news; - or - nincumpoop in high glee', by James Gillray, published by  James Aitken - NPG D12455

'Scotch Harry's news; - or - nincumpoop in high glee'

by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
hand-coloured etching, published 23 May 1792
NPG D12455

'Vices overlook'd in the new proclamation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12456

'Vices overlook'd in the new proclamation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1792
NPG D12456

'Sin, Death, and the Devil', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12458

'Sin, Death, and the Devil'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1792
NPG D12458

'Temperance enjoying a frugal meal' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12461

'Temperance enjoying a frugal meal' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple engraving, published 28 July 1792
NPG D12461

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13010

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 April 1792
NPG D13010

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13018

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 December 1793
NPG D13018

'Pantagruel's victorious return to the court of Gargantua.  After extirpating the soup-meagres of Bouille land', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12484

'Pantagruel's victorious return to the court of Gargantua. After extirpating the soup-meagres of Bouille land'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 February 1794
NPG D12484

'The lover's dream', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12515

'The lover's dream'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 January 1795
NPG D12515

'Affability' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12518

'Affability' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 10 February 1795
NPG D12518

'Polonius', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12523

'Polonius'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 May 1795
NPG D12523

'The royal bull-fight', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12548

'The royal bull-fight'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
NPG D12548

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England, published by Robert Laurie, published by  James Whittle - NPG D8015

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England

published by Robert Laurie, published by James Whittle
mezzotint, published 7 August 1797
NPG D8015

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England, published by Robert Laurie, published by  James Whittle - NPG D39267

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England

published by Robert Laurie, published by James Whittle
mezzotint, published 7 August 1797
NPG D39267

'The bridal night', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12613

'The bridal night'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 18 May 1797
NPG D12613

'The wedding night', by Isaac Cruikshank, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D15555

'The wedding night'

by Isaac Cruikshank, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1797
NPG D15555

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry Bone, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D17380

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Sir William Beechey
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 1799 (1796)
NPG D17380

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by  Robert John Thornton, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D33078

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by Robert John Thornton, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 1799
NPG D33078

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