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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1744-1818), Queen consort of George III

Sitter associated with 83 portraits
Queen of George III. The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, she first her future husband on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English and kept under the King's strict supervision, Charlotte felt alienated from both her husband and her adopted country during the initial decades of her marriage. Eventually the couple formed a strong and affectionate bond. Although she did not play much part in politics, her connections with German dukedoms made her a channel for the king's continental affairs. She had fifteen children and her popular reputation was that of unimpeachable if rather stern domesticity.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D8013

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1799
NPG D8013

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by William Say, after  Arthur William Devis - NPG D11387

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by William Say, after Arthur William Devis
mezzotint, circa 1803-1834
NPG D11387

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Thomas Ryder, by  Thomas Ryder Jr, published by  John Boydell, published by  Josiah Boydell, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D33080

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Ryder, by Thomas Ryder Jr, published by John Boydell, published by Josiah Boydell, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 1804
NPG D33080

'The reconciliation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12833

'The reconciliation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 November 1804
NPG D12833

'The King of Brobdingnag and Gulliver', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13104

'The King of Brobdingnag and Gulliver'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 10 February 1804
NPG D13104

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry Bone, after  Henry Edridge - NPG D17369

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Henry Edridge
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 1815 (1803)
NPG D17369

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry Meyer - NPG D13725

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Meyer
stipple engraving, published 1818
NPG D13725

'Marriage of the Princess Charlotte of Wales to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg', by Robert Hicks, published by  Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon, after  William Marshall Craig - NPG D16053

'Marriage of the Princess Charlotte of Wales to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg'

by Robert Hicks, published by Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon, after William Marshall Craig
stipple and line engraving, published April 1818
NPG D16053

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry D. Thielcke, published by  Colnaghi & Co, after  Henry Edridge - NPG D16057

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry D. Thielcke, published by Colnaghi & Co, after Henry Edridge
stipple engraving, published 2 December 1818
NPG D16057

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Henry Edridge - NPG D9090

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Henry Edridge
mezzotint, published 1819
NPG D9090

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Henry Edridge - NPG D9173

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Henry Edridge
mezzotint, published 1819
NPG D9173

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Henry Edridge - NPG D9174

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Henry Edridge
mezzotint, published 1819
NPG D9174

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry Bone, after  Henry Edridge - NPG D17716

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Henry Edridge
pencil, pen and ink, August 1820 (1803)
NPG D17716

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Frederick Bromley, published by  Henry Graves, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D15306

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Frederick Bromley, published by Henry Graves, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1862
NPG D15306

Web image not currently available

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by and published by Johann Esaias Nilson
line engraving, circa 1750-1775
NPG D15325

Web image not currently available

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Frye
mezzotint, published 1762
NPG D10709

Web image not currently available

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by William Walker, published by George Kearsley
etching, published 1777
NPG D16155

Web image not currently available

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

published by James Birchall
stipple engraving, published 11 November 1783
NPG D19441

Web image not currently available

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D14861

Web image not currently available

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III

by George Noble, published by Alexander Hogg
line engraving, published 31 January 1787
NPG D15518

Media

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