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William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708-1778), Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 32 portraits
Artist associated with 1 portrait
Statesman and Prime Minister. Forced by opinion on George II to save the nation in 1756, Pitt led the House of Commons and organised the victories of 1759 over France which consolidated British sea power and brought territorial gains in India and Canada. In 1761 he resigned. He returned to office as Prime Minister in 1766, accepting an earldom, only to fall ill and retire. Although suffering from manic-depression, Pitt left his sick bed in 1778 to plead for a tolerant attitude to the British colonists in America. He was the father of William Pitt the younger.