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Winston Churchill (1874-1965), Prime Minister

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

Sitter in 161 portraits
Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, his family's estate. In 1900, he entered parliament and by 1911 he had become First Lord of the Admiralty. He resigned in 1915, having been held responsible for the failure of the Dardanelles expedition. He saw active service in World War I, before returning to ministerial office in 1917. As Chancellor of the Exchequer, he returned Britain to the gold standard, which led to the General Strike of 1926. He resigned in 1931, opposing his party's policy of self-government for India. He consistently opposed appeasement with Hitler, and challenged Chamberlain's leadership in 1940, succeeding him as Prime Minister to become Britain's greatest war-time leader.

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P705

Winston Churchill

by Edward Lyddell Sawyer
albumen print, 1901
NPG P705

P1700(86d)

Winston Churchill

by Reginald Haines
albumen print, circa 1907
NPG P1700(86d)

6478

Winston Churchill

by Ambrose McEvoy
oil on canvas, circa 1915
NPG 6478

L250

Winston Churchill

by Sir William Newenham Montague Orpen
oil on canvas, 1916
On display in Room 34 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L250

2463

Statesmen of World War I

by Sir James Guthrie
oil on canvas, 1924-1930
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2463

4529(84)

Winston Churchill

by Sir David Low
pencil, circa 1926
NPG 4529(84)

4529(84a)

Winston Churchill

by Sir David Low
pencil, circa 1926
NPG 4529(84a)

4438

Winston Churchill

by Walter Richard Sickert
oil on canvas, 1927
On display in Room 31 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4438

P243

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P243

P490(16)

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P490(16)

P490(17)

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P490(17)

P1368

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P1368

5331

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
oil on canvas, 1954
On display at Churchill Museum, Cabinet War Rooms, London
NPG 5331

5332

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
oil on canvas, 1954
On display in Room 31 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5332

5333

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
chalk, 1954
NPG 5333

5334

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
pen and ink and pencil, 1954
NPG 5334

6096

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
pencil and wash, 1954
NPG 6096

5330

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
sketchbook, 14 pages, 1954
NPG 5330

6347

Winston Churchill

after Oscar Nemon
bronze bust, 1995 (circa 1955)
NPG 6347

4458

Winston Churchill

by Bernard Hailstone
chalk, 1956
NPG 4458

P244

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1956
NPG P244

P490(18)

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1956
NPG P490(18)

4474

Winston Churchill

by Juliet Pannett
pencil, 1964
NPG 4474

x82073

Winston Churchill

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative
NPG x82073

x82074

Winston Churchill

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative, circa 1899
NPG x82074

x44648

'Home from the War'

by Unknown photographer, published by Ogden's
cigarette card, July 1900; published 1900-1907
On display in Room 23: Show case at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG x44648

x32178

Winston Churchill

by Unknown photographer
half-plate glass negative, circa 1900
NPG x32178

x6471

Winston Churchill

by George Charles Beresford
dry-plate glass negative, 1903
NPG x6471

x32182

Winston Churchill

by Unknown photographer
half-plate glass negative, circa 1907
NPG x32182

x81064

Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
whole-plate glass negative, 20 April 1911
NPG x81064

x81065

Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
whole-plate glass negative, 20 April 1911
NPG x81065

x81066

Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
whole-plate glass negative, 20 April 1911
NPG x81066

x81067

Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
whole-plate glass negative, 20 April 1911
NPG x81067

x83586

Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
vintage print, 1911
NPG x83586

x32181

Winston Churchill inspecting a guard of honour

by Unknown photographer
half-plate glass negative, August 1919
NPG x32181

x38181

Winston Churchill

by Edward Russell, for James Russell & Sons
bromide print, 1920
NPG x38181

x129685

Winston Churchill

by Vandyk
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative (copy of bromide print with pencil drawing), 1923; copied on 15 April 1926
NPG x129685

x88294

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George; Winston Churchill

by Daily Herald
modern bromide print from original negative, December 1934
NPG x88294

x6120

Winston Churchill

by Unknown photographer
postcard print, circa 1939
NPG x6120

x40055

Winston Churchill

by Cecil Beaton
bromide print, 1940
NPG x40055

x26687

Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
half-plate nitrate negative, 18 January 1940
NPG x26687

x83585

Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
vintage print, 18 January 1940
NPG x83585

x6140

Winston Churchill

by Walter Stoneman
vintage print, 3pm 1 April 1941
NPG x6140

x403

Winston Churchill

by Walter Stoneman
bromide print, April 1941
NPG x403

x164156

Winston Churchill and three other people

by Walter Stoneman
negative, copied April 1942
NPG x164156

x27016

John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley; Winston Churchill

copy by Bassano Ltd
half-plate glass negative, 29 June 1942
NPG x27016

x17071

Winston Churchill

by Robert Elliot
bromide print, 26 July 1943
NPG x17071

x40056

Charles Andre Marie Joseph de Gaulle; Winston Churchill

by Cecil Beaton
bromide print, 13 November 1944
NPG x40056

x189235

Winston Churchill

by Walter Stoneman
half-plate glass negative, December 1947
NPG x189235

x184313

Sarah Churchill; Winston Churchill

by Planet News
vintage print, 21 May 1948
NPG x184313

Ax136854

Winston Churchill at the Royal Society of Arts

by Howard Coster
vintage snapshot print, circa 1950
NPG Ax136854

Ax136856

Winston Churchill at the Royal Society of Arts

by Howard Coster
vintage snapshot print, circa 1950
NPG Ax136856

Ax136862

Winston Churchill at the Royal Society of Arts

by Howard Coster
vintage snapshot print, circa 1950
NPG Ax136862

Ax136863

Winston Churchill at the Royal Society of Arts

by Howard Coster
vintage snapshot print, circa 1950
NPG Ax136863

x45168

Winston Churchill

by Vivienne
vintage bromide print, 1951
NPG x45168

x45169

Winston Churchill

by Vivienne
vintage bromide print, 1951
NPG x45169

Family Tree

Churchill