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Winston Churchill (1874-1965), Prime Minister

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

Sitter in 183 portraits
Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, his family's estate. In 1900, he entered parliament and by 1911 he had become First Lord of the Admiralty. He resigned in 1915, having been held responsible for the failure of the Dardanelles expedition. He saw active service in World War I, before returning to ministerial office in 1917. As Chancellor of the Exchequer, he returned Britain to the gold standard, which led to the General Strike of 1926. He resigned in 1931, opposing his party's policy of self-government for India. He consistently opposed appeasement with Hitler, and challenged Chamberlain's leadership in 1940, succeeding him as Prime Minister to become Britain's greatest war-time leader.

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Winston Churchill at the 'Battle of Stepney'

by Unknown photographer
vintage print, January 1911
NPG x194246


Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
bromide print, 1911
NPG x83586


Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (née Hozier), Baroness Spencer-Churchill; Winston Churchill

by Unknown photographer
halftone reproduction tear sheet, published 4 October 1913
NPG x137584


Winston Churchill inspecting a guard of honour

by Unknown photographer
half-plate glass negative, August 1919
NPG x32181


Winston Churchill reviewing the Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps

by Unknown photographer
bromide print, August 1919
On display in Room 31 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG x6119


Winston Churchill

by James Russell & Sons
bromide print, circa 1920
NPG x21827


Winston Churchill

by Edward Russell, for James Russell & Sons
bromide print, 1920
NPG x38181


Winston Churchill

by Vandyk
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative (copy of bromide print with pencil drawing), 1923, copied on 15 April 1926
NPG x129685


David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George; Winston Churchill

by Daily Herald
modern bromide print from original negative, December 1934
NPG x88294


Winston Churchill

by Unknown photographer
postcard print, circa 1939
NPG x6120


Winston Churchill

by Cecil Beaton
bromide print, 1940
NPG x40055


Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
half-plate nitrate negative, 18 January 1940
NPG x26687


Winston Churchill

by Cecil Beaton
bromide postcard print, 1940
NPG x199060


'The Spirit of Britain' (Winston Churchill)

published by Valentine & Sons Ltd.
halftone postcard print, 1940
NPG x198143


Winston Churchill

by Bassano Ltd
bromide print, 18 January 1940
NPG x83585


William Averell Harriman; Mary (née Spencer-Churchill), Baroness Soames; Kathleen Hill (née Spratt); Winston Churchill

copied by Walter Stoneman, for Unknown photographer
half-plate glass copy negative, December 1941
NPG x164156


Winston Churchill

by Walter Stoneman
vintage print, 3pm 1 April 1941
NPG x6140


Winston Churchill

by Walter Stoneman
bromide print, 1 April 1941
NPG x6138

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