John Constable(1776-1837), Landscape painter
Sitter in 6 portraits
Artist associated with 6 portraits
Constable is celebrated as one of England's greatest and most progressive landscape artists. He drew lifelong inspiration from his native Suffolk. In 1802 he declared that 'natural painture' - or landscape - could rival history painting. He made hundreds of outdoor oil sketches, which capture the changing skies with near scientific precision; these helped him bring an immediacy and authenticity to exhibition works developed in the studio. Constable met with little contemporary success at home. However The Hay Wain (1821) did receive a gold medal at the 1824 Paris Salon.
Watch a film clip on the artist from the BBC Archive in the Media section below