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John Constable (1776-1837), Landscape painter
Sitter in 6 portraits
Artist associated with 6 portraits
Constable is celebrated as one of England's greatest and most progressive landscape artists. He drew lifelong inspiration from his native Suffolk. In 1802 he declared that 'natural painture' - or landscape - could rival history painting. He made hundreds of outdoor oil sketches, which capture the changing skies with near scientific precision; these helped him bring an immediacy and authenticity to exhibition works developed in the studio. Constable met with little contemporary success at home. However The Hay Wain (1821) did receive a gold medal at the 1824 Paris Salon.
Watch a film clip on the artist from the BBC Archive in the Media section below Gallery website users only
by John Constable
pencil and black chalk heightened with white and red chalk, circa 1799-1804
On display at Turner Contemporary, Margate, UK in the exhibition 'Self'
by David Lucas, after John Constable
mezzotint, circa 1845 (1820)