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James Cook (1728-1779), Circumnavigator

Sitter associated with 15 portraits
The son of a Yorkshire labourer, Captain James Cook learned seamanship on small East Coast trading boats. Described as 'a good mathematician and very expert in his business', he was chosen to command the Royal Navy ship the Endeavour in 1768,despite being an officer of a lower rank. Cook is most famous for charting the coasts of New Zealand, the east coast of Australia and the Pacific coast of North America. While on his third voyage to the Pacific, between 1776 and 1779, he was killed in an attack by Hawaiian natives who had previously worshipped him as a god.