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Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England

Sitter associated with 222 portraits
A country gentleman who became a soldier, statesman and finally Lord Protector of Great Britain. As MP for Huntingdon and then Cambridge, he was an outspoken critic of Charles I. His military skills and God-fearing tenacity were decisive factors in the Parliamentarian victory in the civil wars, and he was prominent among those who first treated with, and then executed the King in 1649. He achieved military success in Ireland in 1649 - but carried out brutal massacres. He led the New Model Army to victory against the Scots and Charles II in 1651. Emerged as a head of state when the 'Rump' Parliament was dissolved in 1653, and created Lord Protector. He refused the crown in 1657, dying in 1658.

List Thumbnail

536

Oliver Cromwell

by Robert Walker
oil on canvas, circa 1649
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 536

5589

Oliver Cromwell

by Samuel Cooper
watercolour on vellum, 1649
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5589

4365

Oliver Cromwell ('The Dunbar Medal')

by Thomas Simon
silver medal, 1650
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4365

747

Oliver Cromwell

after Thomas Simon
electrotype of medal, 1885 (1650)
NPG 747

1486

Oliver Cromwell

after a medal by Thomas Simon
electrotype of medal, 1908 (circa 1651)
NPG 1486

4366

Oliver Cromwell ('The Lord Protector Medal')

by Thomas Simon
silver medal, 1653
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4366

5274

Oliver Cromwell

attributed to Samuel Cooper
watercolour on vellum, circa 1655
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5274

4068

Oliver Cromwell

by Peter Blondeau, after an original by Thomas Simon
gold broad, 1656
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4068

3065

Oliver Cromwell

by Samuel Cooper
watercolour on vellum, 1656
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3065

514

Oliver Cromwell

after Samuel Cooper
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (1656)
NPG 514

588

Oliver Cromwell

after Samuel Cooper
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (1656)
NPG 588

4025

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of death-mask, possibly late 17th century
NPG 4025

438

Oliver Cromwell

after Edward Pearce
bronze bust, (circa 1672)
NPG 438

2426

Oliver Cromwell

by Robert Hutchinson, after a drawing attributed to Samuel Cooper
chalk and watercolour, 1773
NPG 2426

3014

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of death-mask, early 19th century?
NPG 3014

1665

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of death-mask
NPG 1665

1238

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of mask from bust
NPG 1238

132

Oliver Cromwell

after a bust by Edward Pearce
terracotta bust, 19th century?
NPG 132

3087

Oliver Cromwell

probably after Edward Pearce
plaster cast of mask
NPG 3087

1238a

Oliver Cromwell

by Domenico Brucciani
plaster cast of death-mask
NPG 1238a

D26365

King Charles I and Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26365

D28662

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Aubrey
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28662

D28668

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Robert Walker, published by Thomas Hinde
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28668

D28673

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28673

D28678

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist, published by Clemendt de Jonghe
etching and line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28678

D28681

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28681

D28694

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28694

D28696

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28696

D28705

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28705

D28706

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28706

D28731

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid to late 17th century
NPG D28731

D28732

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, mid 17th century
NPG D28732

D28736

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid to late 17th century
NPG D28736

D28738

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid to late 17th century
NPG D28738

D34320

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D34320

D16577

Oliver Cromwell

by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D16577

D16572

Oliver Cromwell

by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D16572

D28695

Oliver Cromwell

by R.S.
line engraving, 1640s
NPG D28695

D8541

Charles I and his Opponents

by Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 1640s
NPG D8541

D33785

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1644-1653
NPG D33785

D13247

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13247

D13248

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13248

D13249

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13249

D13250

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1644-1653
NPG D13250

D33784

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649-1658
NPG D33784

D33786

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649-1653
NPG D33786

D16565

Oliver Cromwell with an unknown page

after Robert Walker
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D16565

D16574

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16574

D16575

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16575

D16576

Oliver Cromwell

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16576

D16586

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, (1649)
NPG D16586

D33788

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1650-1700
NPG D33788

D2235

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s or after
NPG D2235

D7208

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
electrotype of the Dunbar medal, (1650)
NPG D7208