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Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England

Sitter associated with 221 portraits
A country gentleman who became a soldier, statesman and finally Lord Protector of Great Britain. As MP for Huntingdon and then Cambridge, he was an outspoken critic of Charles I. His military skills and God-fearing tenacity were decisive factors in the Parliamentarian victory in the civil wars, and he was prominent among those who first treated with, and then executed the King in 1649. He achieved military success in Ireland in 1649 - but carried out brutal massacres. He led the New Model Army to victory against the Scots and Charles II in 1651. Emerged as a head of state when the 'Rump' Parliament was dissolved in 1653, and created Lord Protector. He refused the crown in 1657, dying in 1658.

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3087

Oliver Cromwell

probably after Edward Pearce
plaster cast of mask
NPG 3087

1238a

Oliver Cromwell

by Domenico Brucciani
plaster cast of death-mask
NPG 1238a

D26365

King Charles I and Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26365

D28662

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Aubrey
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28662

D28668

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Robert Walker, published by Thomas Hinde
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28668

D28673

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28673

D28678

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist, published by Clemendt de Jonghe
etching and line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28678

D28681

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28681

D28682

Oliver Cromwell

by Richard Gaywood, after Robert Walker
etching, mid 17th century
NPG D28682

D28694

Oliver Cromwell

by Francois Mazot
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28694

D28696

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28696

D28705

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28705

D28706

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28706

D28731

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid to late 17th century
NPG D28731

D28732

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, mid 17th century
NPG D28732

D28736

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid to late 17th century
NPG D28736

D28738

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid to late 17th century
NPG D28738

D34320

Oliver Cromwell

by Francois Mazot
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D34320

D16577

Oliver Cromwell

by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after Robert Walker
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D16577