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Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England

Sitter associated with 222 portraits
A country gentleman who became a soldier, statesman and finally Lord Protector of Great Britain. As MP for Huntingdon and then Cambridge, he was an outspoken critic of Charles I. His military skills and God-fearing tenacity were decisive factors in the Parliamentarian victory in the civil wars, and he was prominent among those who first treated with, and then executed the King in 1649. He achieved military success in Ireland in 1649 - but carried out brutal massacres. He led the New Model Army to victory against the Scots and Charles II in 1651. Emerged as a head of state when the 'Rump' Parliament was dissolved in 1653, and created Lord Protector. He refused the crown in 1657, dying in 1658.

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D1594

Oliver Cromwell

after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, published 1899
NPG D1594

D34362

Oliver Cromwell

after Sir Peter Lely
reversed photographic print, 1900 or before
NPG D34362

D34361

Oliver Cromwell

published by The Medici Society Ltd, after Sir Peter Lely
chromolithograph, published 1910
NPG D34361

D18914

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D18914

D19183

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, published by Thomas Hinde, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1650-1680
NPG D19183

D19593

Oliver Cromwell

by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, published by Johannes Meyssens
line engraving, circa 1650-1675
NPG D19593

D42993

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1651-1658 (circa 1649)
NPG D42993

D14408

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, published 1654
NPG D14408

D19648

Oliver Cromwell

by Peter Pelham, published by John Bowles, after Robert Walker
mezzotint, 1723
NPG D19648

D19243

Oliver Cromwell

by Bernard Picart (Picard), after Robert Walker
line engraving, 1724
NPG D19243

D42874

Oliver Cromwell

by Jacobus Houbraken, after Samuel Cooper
engraving, 1730s
NPG D42874

D19128

Oliver Cromwell

by Robert Sheppard, after Samuel Cooper
line engraving, published 1733
NPG D19128

D19231

Oliver Cromwell

published by John Bowles, after Sir Peter Lely, after Samuel Cooper
mezzotint, published circa 1750-1775
NPG D19231

D19253

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by John Faber Jr, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, 1750 (1653)
NPG D19253

D19413

Oliver Cromwell

by Jan L'Admiral, after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1750-1773
NPG D19413

D19692

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by John Faber Jr, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, 1750 (1653)
NPG D19692

D19509

Oliver Cromwell

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Samuel Cooper
line engraving, circa 1755-1780
NPG D19509

D19145

Oliver Cromwell

by D.P. Pariset, published by T. Bradford, after Samuel Cooper
stipple engraving, published 7 May 1771
NPG D19145

D19146

Oliver Cromwell

published by Carington Bowles, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, published circa 1775-1793
NPG D19146

D18915

Oliver Cromwell

by Charles Turner, published by Samuel Woodburn, after William Faithorne
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D18915