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Oliver Cromwell

(1599-1658), Lord Protector of England

Sitter associated with 224 portraits
A country gentleman who became a soldier, statesman and finally Lord Protector of Great Britain. As MP for Huntingdon and then Cambridge, he was an outspoken critic of Charles I. His military skills and God-fearing tenacity were decisive factors in the Parliamentarian victory in the civil wars, and he was prominent among those who first treated with, and then executed the King in 1649. He achieved military success in Ireland in 1649 - but carried out brutal massacres. He led the New Model Army to victory against the Scots and Charles II in 1651. Emerged as a head of state when the 'Rump' Parliament was dissolved in 1653, and created Lord Protector. He refused the crown in 1657, dying in 1658.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

List Thumbnail

Charles I and his Opponents, by Unknown artist - NPG D8541

Charles I and his Opponents

by Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 1640s
NPG D8541

Oliver Cromwell, by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after  Unknown artist - NPG D33785

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1644-1653
NPG D33785

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D13247

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13247

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D13248

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13248

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D13249

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13249

Oliver Cromwell, by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after  Unknown artist - NPG D13250

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1644-1653
NPG D13250

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D33784

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649-1658
NPG D33784

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D33786

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649-1653
NPG D33786

Oliver Cromwell with an unknown page, after Robert Walker - NPG D16565

Oliver Cromwell with an unknown page

after Robert Walker
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D16565

Oliver Cromwell, by François Mazot, after  Robert Walker - NPG D16574

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16574

Oliver Cromwell, by François Mazot, after  Robert Walker - NPG D16575

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16575

Oliver Cromwell, published by Balthasar Moncornet, after  Robert Walker - NPG D16576

Oliver Cromwell

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16576

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D16586

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, (1649)
NPG D16586

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D33788

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1650-1700
NPG D33788

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D2235

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s or after
NPG D2235

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D7208

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
electrotype of the Dunbar medal, (1650)
NPG D7208

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D13245

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D13245

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