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Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England

Sitter associated with 222 portraits
A country gentleman who became a soldier, statesman and finally Lord Protector of Great Britain. As MP for Huntingdon and then Cambridge, he was an outspoken critic of Charles I. His military skills and God-fearing tenacity were decisive factors in the Parliamentarian victory in the civil wars, and he was prominent among those who first treated with, and then executed the King in 1649. He achieved military success in Ireland in 1649 - but carried out brutal massacres. He led the New Model Army to victory against the Scots and Charles II in 1651. Emerged as a head of state when the 'Rump' Parliament was dissolved in 1653, and created Lord Protector. He refused the crown in 1657, dying in 1658.

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D28695

Oliver Cromwell

by R.S.
line engraving, 1640s
NPG D28695

D8541

Charles I and his Opponents

by Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 1640s
NPG D8541

D33785

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1644-1653
NPG D33785

D13247

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13247

D13248

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13248

D13249

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1644-1653
NPG D13249

D13250

Oliver Cromwell

by and published by Peeter Huybrechts, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1644-1653
NPG D13250

D33784

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649-1658
NPG D33784

D33786

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649-1653
NPG D33786

D16565

Oliver Cromwell with an unknown page

after Robert Walker
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D16565

D16574

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16574

D16575

Oliver Cromwell

by François Mazot, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16575

D16576

Oliver Cromwell

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1649-1652
NPG D16576

D16586

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, (1649)
NPG D16586

D33788

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1650-1700
NPG D33788

D2235

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s or after
NPG D2235

D7208

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
electrotype of the Dunbar medal, (1650)
NPG D7208