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Oliver Cromwell

(1599-1658), Lord Protector of England

Sitter associated with 223 portraits
A country gentleman who became a soldier, statesman and finally Lord Protector of Great Britain. As MP for Huntingdon and then Cambridge, he was an outspoken critic of Charles I. His military skills and God-fearing tenacity were decisive factors in the Parliamentarian victory in the civil wars, and he was prominent among those who first treated with, and then executed the King in 1649. He achieved military success in Ireland in 1649 - but carried out brutal massacres. He led the New Model Army to victory against the Scots and Charles II in 1651. Emerged as a head of state when the 'Rump' Parliament was dissolved in 1653, and created Lord Protector. He refused the crown in 1657, dying in 1658.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D13246

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D13246

Oliver Cromwell, by Frederick Hendrik van Hove, after  Robert Walker - NPG D16567

Oliver Cromwell

by Frederick Hendrik van Hove, after Robert Walker
line engraving, 1650s-1690s
NPG D16567

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D16573

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D16573

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D28682

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1651-1658 (circa 1649)
NPG D28682

Oliver Cromwell, by Pierre Lombart, after  Robert Walker - NPG D34319

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Robert Walker
line engraving, 1651-1653 (circa 1649)
NPG D34319

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D42993

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1651-1658 (circa 1649)
NPG D42993

Oliver Cromwell, by Richard Gaywood, published by  Peter Stent - NPG D28675

Oliver Cromwell

by Richard Gaywood, published by Peter Stent
etching, published 1653
NPG D28675

Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D2232

Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1653 or after
NPG D2232

Oliver Cromwell, by Conrad Waumans (Woumans), after  Robert Walker - NPG D16585

Oliver Cromwell

by Conrad Waumans (Woumans), after Robert Walker
line engraving, circa 1653-1658
NPG D16585

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D16579

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1653-1658
NPG D16579

Oliver Cromwell, after Robert Walker - NPG D16578

Oliver Cromwell

after Robert Walker
etching, circa 1653-1658
NPG D16578

Oliver Cromwell, by William Faithorne - NPG D22712

Oliver Cromwell

by William Faithorne
line engraving, published 1654
NPG D22712

Oliver Cromwell, by Pierre Lombart, after  Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG D28706

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, 1655 and after 1682
NPG D28706

Oliver Cromwell, by Pierre Lombart, after  Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG D34326

Oliver Cromwell

by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, after 1655
NPG D34326

Oliver Cromwell, by William Faithorne - NPG D22713

Oliver Cromwell

by William Faithorne
line engraving, published 1656
NPG D22713

Oliver Cromwell, by William Faithorne - NPG D22714

Oliver Cromwell

by William Faithorne
line engraving, published 1656
NPG D22714

Oliver Cromwell, by William Faithorne - NPG D22715

Oliver Cromwell

by William Faithorne
line engraving, published 1656
NPG D22715

Frontispiece to 'Parallelum Olivae...', by William Faithorne - NPG D22994

Frontispiece to 'Parallelum Olivae...'

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1656
NPG D22994

'Olivarius' (Oliver Cromwell), by William Faithorne - NPG D22995

'Olivarius' (Oliver Cromwell)

by William Faithorne
line engraving, published 1656
NPG D22995

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