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King Edward II (1284-1327), Reigned 1307-27
Sitter associated with 26 portraits
The son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, Edward II was an unpopular king who faced frequent unrest among the nobility. He was King of England from 1307 until deposed in January 1327 and later murdered at Berkeley Castle. His tendency to ignore his nobility in favour of low-born favourites led to constant political unrest and his eventual deposition. Edward is perhaps best remembered for his supposed murder and his alleged homosexuality. Edward II was the first monarch to establish colleges in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge; he founded Cambridge's King's Hall in 1317 and gave Oxford's Oriel College its royal charter in 1326.