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King Edward II (1284-1327), Reigned 1307-27

Sitter associated with 25 portraits
The son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, Edward II was an unpopular king who faced frequent unrest among the nobility. He was King of England from 1307 until deposed in January 1327 and later murdered at Berkeley Castle. His tendency to ignore his nobility in favour of low-born favourites led to constant political unrest and his eventual deposition. Edward is perhaps best remembered for his supposed murder and his alleged homosexuality. Edward II was the first monarch to establish colleges in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge; he founded Cambridge's King's Hall in 1317 and gave Oxford's Oriel College its royal charter in 1326.

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King Edward II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1745
NPG D23683


King Edward II

by John Faber Sr, published by Henry Parker
mezzotint, published circa 1762-1775
NPG D19149


King Edward II

probably after William Faithorne
line engraving, late 18th-early 19th century? (early 1640s)
NPG D33892


King Edward II

by John Goldar
line engraving, published 1787
NPG D5009


King Edward II

by Pierre François Basan, published by Odieuvre, after George Vertue
engraving, published 1748
NPG D19322