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King Edward III (1312-1377), Reigned 1327-77

Sitter associated with 27 portraits
The eldest son of Edward II and Isabella of France, Edward became king at the age of fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother and her lover Roger Mortimer and subsequently murdered. They retained power as regents until 1330 when Edward imprisoned Mortimer and imposed confinement on his mother. He was popular with his people and in 1340 was the first English king to assume the title of King of France, which started the Hundred Years War. At home, Edward's reign was chiefly characterised by a serious outbreak of plague in which an estimated 200,000 people died.

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D19629

King Edward III

by Pierre François Basan, after George Vertue
engraving, circa 1775-1797
NPG D19629

D9385

The Surrender of Calais to King Edward III

by John Hall, after Edward Edwards
line engraving, published 1776
NPG D9385

D19077

King Edward III

by George Vertue
engraving, engraved 1835
NPG D19077

D33896

King Edward III

probably by or after William Faithorne
line engraving, (early 1640s)
NPG D33896

D33897

King Edward III

probably by or after William Faithorne
line engraving, (early 1640s)
NPG D33897

D33899

King Edward III

possibly by Robert Sheppard
line engraving, published 1733?
NPG D33899