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John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

(1751-1838), Lord Chancellor

Sitter in 93 portraits
A prominent political figure, John Scott was considered the greatest lawyer of his time. He developed trademark law by issuing numerous injunctions against merchants who sold goods bearing the name of other traders and also consolidated equity into a working body of legal principles. Scott was called to the Bar in 1776 and entered the House of Commons in 1783. As Attorney General from 1793 to 1799 he conducted the notorious prosecutions for high treason against political dissenters and sympathisers with French republicanism. In 1799 he became Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas and was created Baron Eldon. He was Lord Chancellor from 1801 to 1827, under five different Prime Ministers.

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The House of Commons 1793-94, by Karl Anton Hickel - NPG 745

The House of Commons 1793-94

by Karl Anton Hickel
oil on canvas, 1793-1795
NPG 745

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, studio of Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG 464

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

studio of Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, (1826)
On display at Judges' Lodgings Museum, Lancaster
NPG 464

'Evidence to character; - being a portrait of a traitor, by his friends & by himself', by James Gillray, published by  John Wright - NPG D12674

'Evidence to character; - being a portrait of a traitor, by his friends & by himself'

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
hand-coloured etching, published 1 October 1798
NPG D12674

'Lilliputian-substitutes, equiping for public service', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12763

'Lilliputian-substitutes, equiping for public service'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 May 1801
NPG D12763

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by and published by Charles Picart - NPG D36137

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by and published by Charles Picart
line and stipple engraving, published 20 March 1804
NPG D36137

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by and published by Charles Picart - NPG D19178

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by and published by Charles Picart
line and stipple engraving, 1804
NPG D19178

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

'Phaeton alarm'd!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by Henry Meyer, published by  Colnaghi & Co, after  William Owen - NPG D36138

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by Henry Meyer, published by Colnaghi & Co, after William Owen
mezzotint, published 1 May 1813
NPG D36138

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by William Holl Sr, published by  Robert Cribb & Son, after  William Behnes - NPG D36133

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by William Holl Sr, published by Robert Cribb & Son, after William Behnes
stipple engraving, published 1 April 1818
NPG D36133

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by William Holl Sr, published by  Robert Cribb & Son, after  William Behnes - NPG D36134

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by William Holl Sr, published by Robert Cribb & Son, after William Behnes
stipple engraving, published 1 April 1818
NPG D36134

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon, attributed to Theodore Lane, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17911

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published December 1820
NPG D17911

The Time Piece! & Cunning Jack o' both sides, possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17928

The Time Piece! & Cunning Jack o' both sides

possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published June 1820
NPG D17928

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians, by George Cruikshank, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17902

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 7 April 1821
NPG D17902

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by Henry Edward Dawe, published by  Zachariah Sweet, after  Charles Penny - NPG D36135

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by Henry Edward Dawe, published by Zachariah Sweet, after Charles Penny
mezzotint, published 16 November 1824
NPG D36135

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by Henry Edward Dawe, published by  Zachariah Sweet, after  Charles Penny - NPG D20424

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by Henry Edward Dawe, published by Zachariah Sweet, after Charles Penny
mezzotint, published March 1825
NPG D20424

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by Richard James Lane, after  James Sayers - NPG D21907

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by Richard James Lane, after James Sayers
lithograph, circa 1825-1850
NPG D21907

The King Commander in Chief; or, the Upset of the Waterloo-man, Bags & Baggage, by John Phillips, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D10676

The King Commander in Chief; or, the Upset of the Waterloo-man, Bags & Baggage

by John Phillips, published by George Humphrey
coloured etching, published 8 May 1827
NPG D10676

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by George Thomas Doo, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D15714

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by George Thomas Doo, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
line engraving, 1827 (1826)
NPG D15714

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by and published by George Thomas Doo, and published by  Colnaghi, Son & Co, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D36132

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by and published by George Thomas Doo, and published by Colnaghi, Son & Co, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
line engraving, 1828 (1826)
NPG D36132

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, by and published by George Thomas Doo, and published by  Colnaghi, Son & Co, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D13691

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by and published by George Thomas Doo, and published by Colnaghi, Son & Co, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
line engraving, 1828 (1826)
NPG D13691

The Prophecy, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40937

The Prophecy

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 13 November 1829
NPG D40937

The Old White Lion, by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by  Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40938

The Old White Lion

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 7 July 1829
NPG D40938

The Mysterious Visit, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40944

The Mysterious Visit

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 25 June 1829
NPG D40944

A Small Tea Party of Superannuated Politicians, by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by  Alfred Ducôte, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40952

A Small Tea Party of Superannuated Politicians

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 13 August 1829
NPG D40952

Political Harmonics, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40958

Political Harmonics

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 11 September 1829
NPG D40958

Consolation, or Otium cum dignitate (John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon), by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40968

Consolation, or Otium cum dignitate (John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon)

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 7 October 1829
NPG D40968

Le Mort, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40975

Le Mort

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 11 August 1829
NPG D40975

Shrove Tuesday all the year round - a Cock wot everyone throws at, probably by Robert Seymour - NPG D46053

Shrove Tuesday all the year round - a Cock wot everyone throws at

probably by Robert Seymour
hand-coloured etching, circa July 1829
NPG D46053

Damon and Pythias (John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon; Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover), by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by  Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40942

Damon and Pythias (John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon; Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover)

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 2 August 1830
NPG D40942

Bombardment Extraordinary, or Achilles versus Punch, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40974

Bombardment Extraordinary, or Achilles versus Punch

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 20 January 1830
NPG D40974

New Police Activity, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40980

New Police Activity

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 8 February 1830
NPG D40980

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