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Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603), Reigned 1558-1603

Sitter associated with 125 portraits
The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth came to the throne on the death of her half-sister, Mary I. Her long reign, beginning in 1558, saw the secure establishment of the Church of England. It was characterised by relative peace and prosperity, a great increase in foreign trade and exploration, and a flourishing literary culture. Despite receiving many proposals of marriage, Elizabeth remained single and became legendary as the 'virgin queen'. She had many favourites, but none more important than Robert Dudley, the Earl of Leicester, who sought to win her hand in marriage.

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Queen Elizabeth I

by Unknown English artist
oil on panel, circa 1560
On display in Room 2 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4449


Queen Elizabeth I

by Steven van Herwijck
lead medal, 1565
NPG 4294


Queen Elizabeth I

by Unknown artist
electrotype of a so-called pattern for a sovereign, 19th century (late 16th century)
NPG 446


Queen Elizabeth I

by Nicholas Hilliard
watercolour on vellum, 1572
NPG 108


Queen Elizabeth I

associated with Nicholas Hilliard
oil on panel, circa 1575
NPG 190


Queen Elizabeth I

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, circa 1585-1590
On display in Room 3 at Montacute House
NPG 2471


Queen Elizabeth I

by Unknown English artist
oil on panel, circa 1588
NPG 541


Queen Elizabeth I ('Elizabeth I and the Three Goddesses')

attributed to Isaac Oliver
watercolour and bodycolour on vellum, circa 1590
NPG 6947


Queen Elizabeth I ('The Ditchley portrait')

by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
oil on canvas, circa 1592
NPG 2561


Unknown woman, possibly Queen Elizabeth I

by Unknown artist
pencil and watercolour, circa 1595
NPG 2825


Queen Elizabeth I

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, early 17th century with 18th century overpainting
NPG 542


Queen Elizabeth I

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Maximilian Colte
electrotype, 1873 (circa 1605-1607)
NPG 357


Queen Elizabeth I

by Unknown artist
marble bust, late 18th century or 19th century
On display at Kenilworth Castle, London
NPG 5474


Queen Elizabeth I

by Crispijn de Passe the Elder, after Isaac Oliver
line engraving, probably late 16th to early 17th century
NPG D25180


Procession of the Knights of the Garter (sheet 1)

after Marcus Gheeraerts the Elder
photograph of engraving, (1576)
NPG D31853