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Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia (1596-1662), Daughter of James I
Sitter associated with 45 portraits
Elizabeth was the only surviving daughter of James I. In 1613 she married Frederick, the Protestant ruler of the Palatinate, an area of present-day Germany. In 1619, following a rebellion against the Catholic Habsburg rulers, Frederick accepted the throne of Bohemia. He and Elizabeth were expelled after less than a year, however, in one of the early battles of the Thirty Years' War. Living in exile in The Hague, Elizabeth came to be seen as an ideal Protestant heroine; her hardships in exile, combined with her beauty, made her a legend in England as 'The Winter Queen'. Her large family of children included Prince Rupert and Princess Sophia, the mother of King George I.