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Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia (1596-1662), Daughter of James I

Sitter associated with 45 portraits
Elizabeth was the only surviving daughter of James I. In 1613 she married Frederick, the Protestant ruler of the Palatinate, an area of present-day Germany. In 1619, following a rebellion against the Catholic Habsburg rulers, Frederick accepted the throne of Bohemia. He and Elizabeth were expelled after less than a year, however, in one of the early battles of the Thirty Years' War. Living in exile in The Hague, Elizabeth came to be seen as an ideal Protestant heroine; her hardships in exile, combined with her beauty, made her a legend in England as 'The Winter Queen'. Her large family of children included Prince Rupert and Princess Sophia, the mother of King George I.

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Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia

probably after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D42681


Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia

after Crispijn de Passe the Elder
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D18906


Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia

published by Balthasar Moncornet
line engraving, published circa 1625-1650
NPG D18907


'James I and his royal progeny'

by Willem de Passe, published by John Bill, sold by Thomas Jenner
line engraving, circa 1625-1637
NPG D19378


Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia

published by Pieter van den Keere (Petrus Kaerius)
line engraving, circa 1626-1646
NPG D18893