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Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex (circa 1485-1540), Statesman

Sitter associated with 28 portraits
Cromwell rose to power as the right-hand man of Cardinal Wolsey. He was a brilliant administrator and evangelical reformer, ruthlessly pursuing the dissolution of the monasteries. Cromwell can be regarded as one of the architects of the Church of England, and the king's break from Rome. In 1529 he suggested to Henry VIII that he should become head of the Church in England in order to allow divorce proceedings against Henry's first wife Katherine of Aragon. He later negotiated Henry's fourth marriage to Anne of Cleves, and was created Earl in 1540. However, the failure of the king's marriage and accusations of treason by his powerful enemies led to his execution.

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1083

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
oil on panel, 16th century
NPG 1083

1727

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
oil on panel, early 17th century (1532-1533)
On display in Room 1 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1727

6310

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

attributed to Hans Holbein the Younger
watercolour and bodycolour on vellum, circa 1532-1533
NPG 6310

6311

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

studio of Hans Holbein the Younger
watercolour and bodycolour on vellum, circa 1537
NPG 6311

D19228

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
oil on paper, (circa 1525-1550)
NPG D19228

D36562

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
photographic print, (circa 1533-1534)
NPG D36562

D23436

Reign of King Henry VIII

after Unknown artist
woodcut, late 16th century
NPG D23436

D9467

Reign of King Henry VIII

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D9467

D9736

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Unknown artist, by Wenceslaus Hollar
etching, mid 17th century
NPG D9736

D21295

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by John Fillian, printed and published by Peter Stent, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1653
NPG D21295

D24209

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

probably by Nicholas Pitaut II, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, possibly late 17th century
NPG D24209

D24211

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

possibly by I. Absolam, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D24211

D24212

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D24212

D24213

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D24213

D24208

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Jacobus Houbraken, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1739
NPG D24208

D36566

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1739
NPG D36566

D20420

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1739
NPG D20420

D24210

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, possibly 1748
NPG D24210

D1869

Unknown sitter formerly known as Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D1869

D1870

Unknown sitter formerly known as Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D1870

D1872

Unknown sitter formerly known as Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D1872

D1871

Unknown sitter formerly known as Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D1871

D36565

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by William Holl Sr, published by Lackington, Allen & Co, and published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, after Robert William Satchwell, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1 September 1815 (circa 1533-1534)
NPG D36565

D19189

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

possibly by Simon de Passe, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1620
NPG D19189

D42900

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1739
NPG D42900

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