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Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

(circa 1485-1540), Statesman

Sitter associated with 28 portraits
Cromwell rose to power as the right-hand man of Cardinal Wolsey. He was a brilliant administrator and evangelical reformer, ruthlessly pursuing the dissolution of the monasteries. Cromwell can be regarded as one of the architects of the Church of England, and the king's break from Rome. In 1529 he suggested to Henry VIII that he should become head of the Church in England in order to allow divorce proceedings against Henry's first wife Katherine of Aragon. He later negotiated Henry's fourth marriage to Anne of Cleves, and was created Earl in 1540. However, the failure of the king's marriage and accusations of treason by his powerful enemies led to his execution.

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Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, by William Holl Sr, published by  Lackington, Allen & Co, and published by  Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, after  Robert William Satchwell, after  Hans Holbein the Younger - NPG D36565

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by William Holl Sr, published by Lackington, Allen & Co, and published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, after Robert William Satchwell, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1 September 1815 (circa 1533-1534)
NPG D36565

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, attributed to Hans Holbein the Younger - NPG 6310

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

attributed to Hans Holbein the Younger
watercolour and bodycolour on vellum, circa 1532-1533
On display in the Room 3: wall case at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6310

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, studio of Hans Holbein the Younger - NPG 6311

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

studio of Hans Holbein the Younger
watercolour and bodycolour on vellum, circa 1537
On display in the Room 3: wall case at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6311

Web image not currently available

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

possibly by Simon de Passe, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1620
NPG D19189

Web image not currently available

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1739
NPG D42900

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