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Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex (circa 1485-1540), Statesman

Sitter associated with 27 portraits
Cromwell was a statesman who rose to power as the right-hand man of Cardinal Wolsey. He was an effective administrator, and ruthlessly pursued the dissolution of the monasteries. Cromwell can be regarded as one of the architects of the Church of England, and the king's break from Rome. In 1529 he suggested to Henry VIII that he should become head of the Church in England in order to allow divorce proceedings against Henry's first wife Katherine of Aragon. He later negotiated Henry's fourth marriage to Anne of Cleves, and was created Earl in 1540. However, the failure of the king's marriage and accusations of treason by his powerful enemies led to his execution.

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D1870

Unknown sitter formerly known as Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D1870

D1872

Unknown sitter formerly known as Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D1872

D1871

Unknown sitter formerly known as Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D1871

D36562

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
photographic print, (circa 1533-1534)
NPG D36562

D19189

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

possibly by Simon de Passe, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1620
NPG D19189

D36566

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1739
NPG D36566

D36565

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

by William Holl Sr, published by Lackington, Allen & Co, and published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, after Robert William Satchwell, after Hans Holbein the Younger
line engraving, published 1 September 1815 (circa 1533-1534)
NPG D36565