Arthur Capel, 1st Earl of Essex (1631-1683), Soldier
Sitter in 12 portraits
Essex was one of the ablest statesmen under Charles II, serving as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1672-77, and First Lord of the Treasury, 1679. Fearing the prospect of a Catholic monarch, he became involved with attempts to exclude James, Duke of York from the succession and, more dangerously, with the schemes of the Duke of Monmouth. Betrayed and imprisoned in the Tower, he was found with his throat cut. Although his death was recorded as suicide, he was probably murdered.
by Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, circa 1655-1660
On display in Room 7 at the National Portrait Gallery
after Francis Barlow
line engraving, 1683 or after