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Henry Fuseli (1741-1825), Painter

Sitter in 11 portraits
Artist associated with 3 portraits
Swiss clergyman Fuseli first came to London in 1764, where he worked as a translator and book illustrator. Encouraged by Reynolds to take up painting, he studied in Rome from 1770-79. On his return he began to exhibit works of great psychological complexity, power and imagination, the most menacing being The Nightmare. Despite his radical politics, Fuseli became professor of Painting (1799-1805), and then Keeper (1804-25) at the Royal Academy, where he taught a generation of artists, including Constable, Haydon and Lawrence. His inclination towards the fantastic, depicted in his heroic, literary and historic themed works was given scope in his paintings for Bouydell's Shakespeare Gallery and his own Milton Gallery.