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Charles Hatchett (1765?-1847), Chemist
Sitter in 4 portraits
The son of a wealthy coachbuilder, Hatchett was self-taught in chemistry and mineralogy. He initially joined the family business, but from 1791 he concentrated on scientific research. An analysis of lead molybdate in 1796 established his reputation as a mineral chemist and the following year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. Between 1796 and 1806 he published many important scientific papers. In 1801 he wrote a paper describing his analysis of a mineral sample that had been in the British Museum since 1753. He showed that the mineral contained a new element, which he named columbium (Cb), after its place of origin in Massachusetts. The element was later rediscovered and renamed as niobium (Nb).
by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)