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King Henry III

(1207-1272), Reigned 1216-72

Sitter associated with 34 portraits
Henry was only nine years old when his father John I died and his minority accentuated ongoing nationwide rebellion. After his accession to the throne in 1234, Henry's favouritism and arrogance prompted his barons to insist on a series of major reforms, the Provisions of Oxford (1258), which created a permanent Privy Council to advise the king and ensured regular Parliaments. Civil War ensued as the settlement broke down and Henry was briefly deposed. In his final years, when relative peace had been restored, he began the construction of Westminster Abbey as it stands today.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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King Henry III, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  William Torel - NPG 341

King Henry III

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after William Torel
electrotype, 1873 (circa 1291)
On display in Medieval stairs: North Stairs at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 341

King Henry III, possibly by William Faithorne - NPG D23661

King Henry III

possibly by William Faithorne
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23661

King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23670

King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23670

King Henry III, by Unknown artist - NPG D23668

King Henry III

by Unknown artist
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23668

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by  Compton Holland - NPG D23657

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by Compton Holland
line engraving, published 1628
NPG D23657

Called King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by  Compton Holland - NPG D19058

Called King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by Compton Holland
line engraving, published 1628
NPG D19058

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23658

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638 or 1662 (Engraved 1618)
NPG D23658

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23664

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638 or 1662 (Engraved 1618)
NPG D23664

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D33882

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638 or 1662 (Engraved 1618)
NPG D33882

King Henry III; King Edward I (fictitious portraits), probably by William Faithorne, published by  Sir Robert Peake - NPG D22803

King Henry III; King Edward I (fictitious portraits)

probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22803

King Henry III, possibly by William Faithorne - NPG D33884

King Henry III

possibly by William Faithorne
line engraving, early 1640s
NPG D33884

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23656

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1649
NPG D23656

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D33885

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1649
NPG D33885

King Henry III's tomb in Westminster Abbey, after Unknown artist - NPG D33886

King Henry III's tomb in Westminster Abbey

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1677
NPG D33886

Queen Eleanor and King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23653

Queen Eleanor and King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, perhaps 18th century
NPG D23653

King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23655

King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, perhaps 18th century
NPG D23655

King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23659

King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, perhaps 18th century
NPG D23659

King Henry III, by Michael Vandergucht - NPG D23666

King Henry III

by Michael Vandergucht
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D23666

King Henry III, by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after  Edward Lutterell (Luttrell) - NPG D23663

King Henry III

by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, published 1706
NPG D23663

The Sovereigns of England, part 1, by John Carwitham, printed and published by  Richard Caldwell, after  Unknown artist - NPG D34141

The Sovereigns of England, part 1

by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D34141

King Henry III, by Pierre François Basan, after  George Vertue - NPG D23660

King Henry III

by Pierre François Basan, after George Vertue
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D23660

King Henry III, by John Faber Jr, after  Unknown artist - NPG D23665

King Henry III

by John Faber Jr, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1731
NPG D23665

King Henry III, by John Faber Jr, after  Unknown artist - NPG D20265

King Henry III

by John Faber Jr, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1731
NPG D20265

King Henry III, by George Vertue - NPG D23654

King Henry III

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1732
NPG D23654

King Henry III, by George Vertue - NPG D34180

King Henry III

by George Vertue
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D34180

King Henry III, by Henry Roberts - NPG D23667

King Henry III

by Henry Roberts
line engraving, 1733
NPG D23667

King Henry III, by George Vertue - NPG D20022

King Henry III

by George Vertue
line engraving, engraved 1734
NPG D20022

King Henry III, by George Vertue - NPG D23662

King Henry III

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1745
NPG D23662

King Henry III, by Pierre François Basan, after  George Vertue - NPG D19473

King Henry III

by Pierre François Basan, after George Vertue
engraving, circa 1750-1775
NPG D19473

'Statues in St Stephen's Hall and the Central Hall', New Palace of Westminster, published by Illustrated London News - NPG D47366

'Statues in St Stephen's Hall and the Central Hall', New Palace of Westminster

published by Illustrated London News
wood engraving, published 4 February 1854
NPG D47366

Web image not currently available

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638 or 1662 (Engraved 1618)
NPG D33883

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