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Henry, Prince of Wales (1594-1612), Eldest son of James I

Sitter in 42 portraits
The eldest son of James I and Anne of Denmark, Henry was reputed to be an ideal warrior prince: athletic, brave, noble, clever, cultured and ardently Protestant. He became the focus for courtiers who advocated a more militant foreign policy, and for those who sought to make London a great cultural centre in Europe. Henry assembled an important collection of paintings, sculpture and books; and patronised artists, architects, writers and musicians. He was actively engaged with the development of the navy, exploration and foreign politics. His sudden death in 1612, probably from typhoid fever, at the age of eighteen, was a devastating blow to the hopes of many at home and abroad.

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'James I and his royal progeny'

by Charles Turner, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Willem de Passe
mezzotint, published 1814
NPG D19477


Henry, Prince of Wales

by Robert Dunkarton, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Simon de Passe
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D19843