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King James I of England and VI of Scotland

(1566-1625), Reigned Scotland 1567-1625 and England 1603-25

Sitter associated with 198 portraits
The son of Mary, Queen of Scots and Lord Darnley, James was crowned King of Scotland in 1567, at the age of one on the abdication of his mother, and the country was run until his majority by a succession of Protestant Regents. He succeeded Elizabeth I in 1603. His commitment to peace and reconciliation balanced religious divisions, and he successfully held the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland together under one ruler for the first time. Intelligent and scholarly, his greatest act of cultural patronage was probably the 'King James' translation of the Bible (1611). James's financial incompetence and his devotion to a succession of male favourites fuelled his critics, particularly after his death.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Unknown artist - NPG 1188

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, circa 1590
On display in Room 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1188

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Unknown artist - NPG 549

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, probably early 17th century
NPG 549

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after John De Critz the Elder - NPG 548

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after John De Critz the Elder
oil on panel, early 17th century (circa 1606)
On display in Room 5 at Montacute House
NPG 548

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Daniel Mytens - NPG 109

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Daniel Mytens
oil on canvas, 1621
On display in Room 4 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 109

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D16663

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
hand-coloured photograph, before 1939 (circa 1590)
NPG D16663

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Thomas de Leu - NPG D19815

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Thomas de Leu
line engraving, circa 1590-1612
NPG D19815

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Crispijn de Passe the Elder - NPG D20136

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Crispijn de Passe the Elder
engraving, published 1598
NPG D20136

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25099

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly early 17th century
NPG D25099

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, published by Nicolas de Clerck - NPG D25100

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

published by Nicolas de Clerck
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25100

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25679

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D25679

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Robert Vaughan - NPG D25680

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Robert Vaughan
line engraving, probably early to mid 17th century
NPG D25680

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, printed and published by Peter Stent - NPG D25681

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

printed and published by Peter Stent
line engraving, probably early to mid 17th century
NPG D25681

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Pieter de Jode I - NPG D25684

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Pieter de Jode I
line engraving, early to mid 17th century
NPG D25684

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25685

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D25685

King James I of England and VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D25686

King James I of England and VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25686

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by C.G. - NPG D25687

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by C.G.
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25687

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Crispijn de Passe the Elder - NPG D25690

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Crispijn de Passe the Elder
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25690

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Crispijn de Passe the Elder - NPG D25691

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Crispijn de Passe the Elder
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25691

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Wolfgang Kilian - NPG D25694

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Wolfgang Kilian
line engraving, possibly early to mid 17th century
NPG D25694

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25696

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 17th century
NPG D25696

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Simon de Passe - NPG D25699

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, possibly early to mid 17th century
NPG D25699

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25700

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D25700

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, possibly by William Faithorne, printed and published by  Robert Peake the Elder - NPG D25701

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

possibly by William Faithorne, printed and published by Robert Peake the Elder
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25701

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25703

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D25703

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25705

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
woodcut, probably 17th century
NPG D25705

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D25707

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 17th century
NPG D25707

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by C.G., after  Unknown artist - NPG D18180

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by C.G., after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18180

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Peter Isselburg (Yselburg, Eisselburg), after  Unknown artist - NPG D18182

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Peter Isselburg (Yselburg, Eisselburg), after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18182

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D18183

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18183

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D18181

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18181

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D18184

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18184

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Crispijn de Passe the Elder - NPG D18193

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Crispijn de Passe the Elder
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18193

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Crispijn de Passe the Elder - NPG D18198

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

by Crispijn de Passe the Elder
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18198

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, after Unknown artist - NPG D18194

King James I of England and VI of Scotland

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D18194

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