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King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-8

Sitter associated with 128 portraits
James II was Charles II's younger brother and became King in 1685. A convert to Roman Catholicism ruling a largely Protestant population, he advocated greater tolerance towards Catholics in his Declaration of Indulgence of 1687. When the Archbishop of Canterbury and six bishops requested he reconsider, they were arrested. In 1688 a group of Protestant nobles asked William, Prince of Orange to come to England with an army. James fled to France, where he lived in exile for the rest of his life, while William of Orange and his wife Mary, James's daughter, reigned in Great Britain.

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267

Five Children of King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, 17th century (1637)
NPG 267

5104

King James II

by Cornelius Johnson (Jonson or Jonson van Ceulen)
oil on panel, 1639
NPG 5104

5211

King James II

by Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, circa 1665-1670
On display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5211

666

King James II

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, 1684
NPG 666

6277

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
watercolour on vellum, (1684-1685)
On display in Room 7 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6277

5869

King James II

by Unknown artist
terracotta bust, 1685-1688
On display at Tate Britain, London, UK
NPG 5869

366

King James II

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1690
NPG 366

D29311

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D29311

D22819

King James II

probably by William Faithorne, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, late 1630s-1640s
NPG D22819

D26448

Progeny of Charles I

published by Edward Cooper, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
mezzotint, (1637)
NPG D26448

D18563

King James II

by Unknown artist
etching, late 1630s
NPG D18563

D22794

King James II

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1640s-1650s
NPG D22794

D18564

King James II

by Wenceslaus Hollar
etching, 1640
NPG D18564

D18565

King James II

after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving and etching, 1650s?
NPG D18565

D18567

King James II

after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18567

D18568

King James II

by Pieter de Jode II, after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18568

D18570

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s-1660s
NPG D18570

D18569

King James II

after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18569