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King James II

(1633-1701), Reigned 1685-88

Sitter associated with 132 portraits
James II was Charles II's younger brother and became King in 1685. A convert to Roman Catholicism ruling a largely Protestant population, he advocated greater tolerance towards Catholics in his Declaration of Indulgence of 1687. When the Archbishop of Canterbury and six bishops requested he reconsider, they were arrested. In 1688 a group of Protestant nobles asked William, Prince of Orange to come to England with an army. James fled to France, where he lived in exile for the rest of his life, while William of Orange and his wife Mary, James's daughter, reigned in Great Britain.

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Five Children of King Charles I, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG 267

Five Children of King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, 17th century (1637)
NPG 267

King James II, by Cornelius Johnson - NPG 5104

King James II

by Cornelius Johnson
oil on panel, 1639
NPG 5104

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York; King James II, by Sir Peter Lely - NPG 5077

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York; King James II

by Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, circa 1661-1662
On display in Room 7 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5077

King James II, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 666

King James II

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, 1684
NPG 666

King James II, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 6277

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
watercolour on vellum on card, (1684)
On display in Room 7 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6277

King James II, by Unknown artist - NPG 5869

King James II

by Unknown artist
terracotta bust, 1685-1688
On display at Tate Britain, London, UK
NPG 5869

King James II, by Unknown artist - NPG 366

King James II

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1690
NPG 366

King James II, after Unknown artist - NPG D29311

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D29311

King James II, probably by William Faithorne, after  Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG D22819

King James II

probably by William Faithorne, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, late 1630s-1640s
NPG D22819

Progeny of Charles I, published by Edward Cooper, after  Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG D26448

Progeny of Charles I

published by Edward Cooper, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
mezzotint, (1637)
NPG D26448

King James II, by Unknown artist - NPG D18563

King James II

by Unknown artist
etching, late 1630s
NPG D18563

King James II, by William Faithorne - NPG D22794

King James II

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1640s-1650s
NPG D22794

King James II, after Sir Peter Lely - NPG D18565

King James II

after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving and etching, 1650s?
NPG D18565

King James II, after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers) - NPG D18567

King James II

after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18567

King James II, by Pieter de Jode II, after  Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers) - NPG D18568

King James II

by Pieter de Jode II, after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18568

King James II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18570

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s-1660s
NPG D18570

King James II, after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers) - NPG D18569

King James II

after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18569

Royall History Compleated 1660, by Unknown artist - NPG D22745

Royall History Compleated 1660

by Unknown artist
line engraving, published circa 1660
NPG D22745

King James II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18573

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1660s-1670s
NPG D18573

Royals, sold by John Clark - NPG D29269

Royals

sold by John Clark
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D29269

King James II, by Robert Williams, after  Samuel Cooper, published by  Edward Cooper - NPG D29401

King James II

by Robert Williams, after Samuel Cooper, published by Edward Cooper
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D29401

King James II, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D30785

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D30785

King James II, by and published by Johannes Willemsz ('Jan') van Munnickhuysen, after  Unknown artist - NPG D30799

King James II

by and published by Johannes Willemsz ('Jan') van Munnickhuysen, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D30799

King James II, by Robert White - NPG D30801

King James II

by Robert White
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D30801

King James II, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D31060

King James II

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D31060

King James II, by Robert White, printed and sold by  John King - NPG D10653

King James II

by Robert White, printed and sold by John King
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D10653

King James II, by George Vertue, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D30786

King James II

by George Vertue, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D30786

King James II, by Wenceslaus Hollar - NPG D18564

King James II

by Wenceslaus Hollar
etching, circa 1670
NPG D18564

King James II, after Adriaen van der Werff - NPG D18576

King James II

after Adriaen van der Werff
line and stipple engraving, late 17th century
NPG D18576

King James II, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D18578

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
etching, late 17th century
NPG D18578

King James II, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D18579

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D18579

King James II, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D18580

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D18580

King James II, by Robert White, published by  John Overton - NPG D19485

King James II

by Robert White, published by John Overton
line engraving, circa 1675-1700
NPG D19485

King James II, published by Nicolaes Visscher II - NPG D19924

King James II

published by Nicolaes Visscher II
engraving, circa 1675-1700
NPG D19924

King James II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18571

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
NPG D18571

King James II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18572

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
NPG D18572

The Five Eldest Children of King Charles I, published by Alexander Browne, after  Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG D11400

The Five Eldest Children of King Charles I

published by Alexander Browne, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
mezzotint, circa 1680-84 (1637)
NPG D11400

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