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King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-8

Sitter associated with 128 portraits
James II was Charles II's younger brother and became King in 1685. A convert to Roman Catholicism ruling a largely Protestant population, he advocated greater tolerance towards Catholics in his Declaration of Indulgence of 1687. When the Archbishop of Canterbury and six bishops requested he reconsider, they were arrested. In 1688 a group of Protestant nobles asked William, Prince of Orange to come to England with an army. James fled to France, where he lived in exile for the rest of his life, while William of Orange and his wife Mary, James's daughter, reigned in Great Britain.

List Thumbnail

267

Five Children of King Charles I

after Sir Anthony van Dyck
oil on canvas, 17th century (1637)
NPG 267

5104

King James II

by Cornelius Johnson (Jonson or Jonson van Ceulen)
oil on panel, 1639
NPG 5104

5211

King James II

by Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, circa 1665-1670
On display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5211

666

King James II

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, 1684
NPG 666

6277

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
watercolour on vellum, (1684-1685)
On display in Room 7 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6277

5869

King James II

by Unknown artist
terracotta bust, 1685-1688
On display at Tate Britain, London, UK
NPG 5869

366

King James II

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1690
NPG 366

D29311

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D29311

D22819

King James II

probably by William Faithorne, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, late 1630s-1640s
NPG D22819

D26448

Progeny of Charles I

published by Edward Cooper, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
mezzotint, (1637)
NPG D26448

D18563

King James II

by Unknown artist
etching, late 1630s
NPG D18563

D22794

King James II

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1640s-1650s
NPG D22794

D18564

King James II

by Wenceslaus Hollar
etching, 1640
NPG D18564

D18565

King James II

after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving and etching, 1650s?
NPG D18565

D18567

King James II

after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18567

D18568

King James II

by Pieter de Jode II, after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18568

D18570

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s-1660s
NPG D18570

D18569

King James II

after Charles Wautier (Wautiers, Woutiers)
line engraving, 1650s?
NPG D18569

D22745

Royall History Compleated 1660

by Unknown artist
line engraving, published circa 1660
NPG D22745

D18573

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1660s-1670s
NPG D18573

D29269

Royals

sold by John Clark
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D29269

D30785

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D30785

D30799

King James II

by and published by Johannes Willemsz ('Jan') van Munnickhuysen, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D30799

D31060

King James II

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D31060

D10653

King James II

by Robert White, printed and sold by John King
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D10653

D30786

King James II

by George Vertue, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, late 17th century
NPG D30786

D18576

King James II

after Adriaen van der Werff
line and stipple engraving, late 17th century
NPG D18576

D18578

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
etching, late 17th century
NPG D18578

D18579

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D18579

D18580

King James II

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D18580

D19485

King James II

by Robert White, published by John Overton
line engraving, circa 1675-1700
NPG D19485

D19924

King James II

published by Nicolaes Visscher II
engraving, circa 1675-1700
NPG D19924

D18571

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
NPG D18571

D18572

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
NPG D18572

D11400

The Five Eldest Children of King Charles I

published by Alexander Browne, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
mezzotint, circa 1680-84 (1637)
NPG D11400

D11410

King James II when Duke of York

published by Alexander Browne, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, circa 1680-4
NPG D11410

D11822

King James II

published by Isaac Beckett
mezzotint, circa 1681-1688
NPG D11822

D18566

King James II

by Leonardus Henricus van Otteren, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1684
NPG D18566

D32728

King James II

by and published by Arnold van Westerhout, after Unknown artist
etching and line engraving, 1685
NPG D32728

D32729

King James II

published by Henri Bonnart, and published by Nicoló Billy, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1685-1688
NPG D32729

D30783

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D30783

D7864

King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D7864

D7865

King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D7865

D7866

King James II

by Gerard Valck, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D7866

D8429

King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D8429

D11959

King James II

by Robert Williams, published by Edward Cooper, after William Wissing
mezzotint, circa 1685
NPG D11959

D18574

King James II

by Nicolas Arnoult, after Antoine Dieu
line and stipple engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18574

D18575

King James II

by Nicolas Arnoult, after Antoine Dieu
line and stipple engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18575

D18577

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18577

D18582

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18582

D18584

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1694
NPG D18584

D18583

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1694
NPG D18583

D18587

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18587

D18589

King James II

by Frederick Hendrik van Hove, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18589

D30781

King James II

by and published by Isaac Beckett, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, circa 1686
NPG D30781

D30784

King James II

by and published by Isaac Beckett, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, circa 1686
NPG D30784