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King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-8

Sitter associated with 128 portraits
James II was Charles II's younger brother and became King in 1685. A convert to Roman Catholicism ruling a largely Protestant population, he advocated greater tolerance towards Catholics in his Declaration of Indulgence of 1687. When the Archbishop of Canterbury and six bishops requested he reconsider, they were arrested. In 1688 a group of Protestant nobles asked William, Prince of Orange to come to England with an army. James fled to France, where he lived in exile for the rest of his life, while William of Orange and his wife Mary, James's daughter, reigned in Great Britain.

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D18566

King James II

by Leonardus Henricus van Otteren, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1684
NPG D18566

D32728

King James II

by and published by Arnold van Westerhout, after Unknown artist
etching and line engraving, 1685
NPG D32728

D32729

King James II

published by Henri Bonnart, and published by Nicoló Billy, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1685-1688
NPG D32729

D30783

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D30783

D7864

King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D7864

D7865

King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D7865

D7866

King James II

by Gerard Valck, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D7866

D8429

King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1685-1688
NPG D8429

D11959

King James II

by Robert Williams, published by Edward Cooper, after William Wissing
mezzotint, circa 1685
NPG D11959

D18574

King James II

by Nicolas Arnoult, after Antoine Dieu
line and stipple engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18574

D18575

King James II

by Nicolas Arnoult, after Antoine Dieu
line and stipple engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18575

D18577

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18577

D18582

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18582

D18584

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1694
NPG D18584

D18583

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1694
NPG D18583

D18587

King James II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18587

D18589

King James II

by Frederick Hendrik van Hove, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1685-1688
NPG D18589

D30781

King James II

by and published by Isaac Beckett, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, circa 1686
NPG D30781

D30784

King James II

by and published by Isaac Beckett, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, circa 1686
NPG D30784