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King James II

(1633-1701), Reigned 1685-88

Sitter associated with 132 portraits
James II was Charles II's younger brother and became King in 1685. A convert to Roman Catholicism ruling a largely Protestant population, he advocated greater tolerance towards Catholics in his Declaration of Indulgence of 1687. When the Archbishop of Canterbury and six bishops requested he reconsider, they were arrested. In 1688 a group of Protestant nobles asked William, Prince of Orange to come to England with an army. James fled to France, where he lived in exile for the rest of his life, while William of Orange and his wife Mary, James's daughter, reigned in Great Britain.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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King James II

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1683-1729
NPG D19547

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King James II when Duke of York

published by Alexander Browne, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, circa 1684
NPG D18698

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King James II

by and published by Jan Verkolje, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1684
NPG D19505

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King James II

by Unknown engraver
mezzotint, 1685
NPG D20458

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King James II

by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1686
NPG D19525

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King James II

by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1686
NPG D18743

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King James II

by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1686
NPG D19668

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King James II

by George Vertue, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, (1688)
NPG D30796

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King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1690-1718
NPG D19475

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King James II

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D8037

Web image not currently available

King James II

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D19079

Web image not currently available

King James II

by Unknown engraver
mezzotint
NPG D19772

Media

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