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King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-8

Sitter associated with 128 portraits
James II was Charles II's younger brother and became King in 1685. A convert to Roman Catholicism ruling a largely Protestant population, he advocated greater tolerance towards Catholics in his Declaration of Indulgence of 1687. When the Archbishop of Canterbury and six bishops requested he reconsider, they were arrested. In 1688 a group of Protestant nobles asked William, Prince of Orange to come to England with an army. James fled to France, where he lived in exile for the rest of his life, while William of Orange and his wife Mary, James's daughter, reigned in Great Britain.

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D19525

King James II

by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Nicolas de Largilliere
mezzotint, 1686
NPG D19525

D18743

King James II

by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Nicolas de Largilliere
mezzotint, 1686
NPG D18743

D19668

King James II

by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Nicolas de Largilliere
mezzotint, 1686
NPG D19668

D30796

King James II

by George Vertue, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, (1688)
NPG D30796

D19475

King James II

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1690-1718
NPG D19475

D8037

King James II

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D8037

D19079

King James II

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D19079

D19772

King James II

by Unknown engraver
mezzotint
NPG D19772