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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), Known as 'The Old Pretender'; son of James II

Sitter associated with 60 portraits
The only son of James II and Mary of Modena, he was raised in exile in France after his father was deposed in 1688 in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. Known as the 'Old Pretender', he became the focus of Jacobite resistance and mounted several unsuccessful campaigns to reclaim the throne in 1706, 1708 and finally in 1715 when he landed at Peterhead in Scotland. He married the Polish Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska in 1719 and spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome, where he drank himself to death.

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348

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

studio of Alexis Simon Belle
oil on canvas, circa 1712
NPG 348

273

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
oil on copper, (circa 1712)
NPG 273

4535

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by or after Francesco Ponzone
pen and ink, circa 1741
NPG 4535

D32651

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32651

D34714

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D34714

D34720

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1688-1689
NPG D34720

D10697

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D10697

D7935

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, (1688)
NPG D7935

D11540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D11540

D32654

Possibly Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1690s
NPG D32654

D32756

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 1690s?
NPG D32756

D34719

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gaspar Bouttats, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1690s
NPG D34719

D34722

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

by Jacob Gole, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1690s
NPG D34722

D32655

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D32655

D31380

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D31380

D31381

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D31381

D34696

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D34696

D34717

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D34717

D19540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by Antoine Trouvain
line engraving, (1694)
NPG D19540

D34716

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Estienne Gantrel, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, (1695)
NPG D34716

D31377

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D31377

D34723

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D34723

D11539

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D11539

D32658

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

probably by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D32658

D32659

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D32659

D31376

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31376

D31379

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Claude Duflos, after Alexis Simon Belle
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D31379

D34694

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D34694

D34695

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34695

D34702

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after François de Troy
etching and line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34702

D34715

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Étienne Jehandier Desrochers, after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34715

D34718

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D34718

D10695

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D10695

D10696

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D10696

D19483

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Simon
mezzotint, circa 1700-1725
NPG D19483

D16611

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Michel Dossier, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16611

D16754

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16754

D34708

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by Simeon Thomassin
line engraving, 1702
NPG D34708

D32656

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after François de Troy
line engraving, circa 1704-1707
NPG D32656

D34710

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Johann Ulrich Kraus, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1710-1719
NPG D34710

D32660

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, circa 1712
NPG D32660

D34699

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, 1712
NPG D34699

D34700

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, 1712
NPG D34700

D1345

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, 1712
NPG D1345

D16755

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pierre François Basan, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16755

D34697

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Andrew Miller, after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
mezzotint, 1737
NPG D34697

D31378

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
stipple engraving, late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D31378

D32755

Mary of Modena; Prince James Francis Edward Stuart ('Mary Queen of James II quitting the Kingdom')

by James Stow, published by Robert Bowyer, after John Opie
line engraving, published 1796
NPG D32755

D8164

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
wood engraving, 19th century (1688)
NPG D8164

D32657

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Sir George Scharf, after Gérard Edelinck, after François de Troy
pencil on tracing paper, 1859
NPG D32657

D21405

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Francis Scott, after Alexis Simon Belle
watercolour, circa 1922
NPG D21405

D32652

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32652

D32653

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32653

D14281

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, (circa 1710)
NPG D14281