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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), Known as 'The Old Pretender'; son of James II

Sitter associated with 60 portraits
The only son of James II and Mary of Modena, he was raised in exile in France after his father was deposed in 1688 in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. Known as the 'Old Pretender', he became the focus of Jacobite resistance and mounted several unsuccessful campaigns to reclaim the throne in 1706, 1708 and finally in 1715 when he landed at Peterhead in Scotland. He married the Polish Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska in 1719 and spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome, where he drank himself to death.

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D31381

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D31381

D34696

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D34696

D34717

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D34717

D19540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by Antoine Trouvain
line engraving, (1694)
NPG D19540

D34716

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Estienne Gantrel, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, (1695)
NPG D34716

D31377

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D31377

D34723

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D34723

D11539

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D11539

D32658

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

probably by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D32658

D32659

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D32659

D31376

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31376

D31379

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Claude Duflos, after Alexis Simon Belle
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D31379

D34694

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D34694

D34695

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34695

D34702

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after François de Troy
etching and line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34702

D34715

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Étienne Jehandier Desrochers, after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34715

D34718

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D34718

D10695

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D10695

D10696

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D10696