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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

(1688-1766), Known as 'The Old Pretender'; son of James II

Sitter associated with 61 portraits
The only son of James II and Mary of Modena, he was raised in exile in France after his father was deposed in 1688 in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. Known as the 'Old Pretender', he became the focus of Jacobite resistance and mounted several unsuccessful campaigns to reclaim the throne in 1706, 1708 and finally in 1715 when he landed at Peterhead in Scotland. He married the Polish Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska in 1719 and spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Gérard Edelinck, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D31380

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D31380

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D31381

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D31381

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Gérard Edelinck, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D34696

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D34696

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D34717

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D34717

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by and published by Antoine Trouvain - NPG D19540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by Antoine Trouvain
line engraving, (1694)
NPG D19540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Estienne Gantrel, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D34716

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Estienne Gantrel, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, (1695)
NPG D34716

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart, by and published by John Smith, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D31377

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D31377

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart, by John Smith, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D34723

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D34723

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart, by and published by John Smith, after  Nicolas de Largillière - NPG D11539

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
NPG D11539

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, probably by John Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D32658

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

probably by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D32658

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after  Alexis Simon Belle - NPG D32659

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D32659

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, after Alexis Simon Belle - NPG D31376

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31376

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Claude Duflos, after  Alexis Simon Belle - NPG D31379

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Claude Duflos, after Alexis Simon Belle
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D31379

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, after Alexis Simon Belle - NPG D34694

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D34694

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after  Alexis Simon Belle - NPG D34695

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34695

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, after François de Troy - NPG D34702

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after François de Troy
etching and line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34702

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Étienne Jehandier Desrochers, after  Unknown artist - NPG D34715

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Étienne Jehandier Desrochers, after Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D34715

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, after Unknown artist - NPG D34718

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D34718

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after  Alexis Simon Belle - NPG D10695

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D10695

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Lloyd Meadows

26 August 2015, 16:41

"spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome, where he drank himself to death."

He did spend much of the rest of his life in Rome but he was not an alcoholic and never "drank himself to death".

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