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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), Known as 'The Old Pretender'; son of James II

Sitter associated with 60 portraits
The only son of James II and Mary of Modena, he was raised in exile in France after his father was deposed in 1688 in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. Known as the 'Old Pretender', he became the focus of Jacobite resistance and mounted several unsuccessful campaigns to reclaim the throne in 1706, 1708 and finally in 1715 when he landed at Peterhead in Scotland. He married the Polish Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska in 1719 and spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome, where he drank himself to death.

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D19483

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Simon
mezzotint, circa 1700-1725
NPG D19483

D16611

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Michel Dossier, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16611

D16754

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16754

D34708

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by Simeon Thomassin
line engraving, 1702
NPG D34708

D32656

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after François de Troy
line engraving, circa 1704-1707
NPG D32656

D34710

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Johann Ulrich Kraus, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1710-1719
NPG D34710

D32660

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, circa 1712
NPG D32660

D34699

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, 1712
NPG D34699

D34700

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, 1712
NPG D34700

D1345

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by François Chereau the Elder, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, 1712
NPG D1345

D16755

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pierre François Basan, after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16755

D34697

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Andrew Miller, after Edward Lutterell or Luttrell
mezzotint, 1737
NPG D34697

D31378

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
stipple engraving, late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D31378

D32755

Mary of Modena; Prince James Francis Edward Stuart ('Mary Queen of James II quitting the Kingdom')

by James Stow, published by Robert Bowyer, after John Opie
line engraving, published 1796
NPG D32755

D8164

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
wood engraving, 19th century (1688)
NPG D8164

D32657

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Sir George Scharf, after Gérard Edelinck, after François de Troy
pencil on tracing paper, 1859
NPG D32657

D21405

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Francis Scott, after Alexis Simon Belle
watercolour, circa 1922
NPG D21405

D32652

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32652

D32653

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32653

D14281

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Louise Madeleine Cochin (née Horthemels), after Alexis Simon Belle
line engraving, (circa 1710)
NPG D14281