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William Jessop (1745-1814), Civil engineer

Sitter in 4 portraits
Noted civil engineer, particularly famed for his work on canals, harbours and early railways. He was taken on in 1759 by the leading civil engineer, John Smeaton, as his pupil in residence. Jessop served as Smeaton's apprentice until 1767 and then as his assistant until 1772 when he set up as an engineer in his own right. He was among the first engineers to appreciate the value of cast iron as a constructional material and he co-founded the Butterley Iron Works in Derbyshire to manufacture, amongst other things, cast-iron edge rails. He pioneered the use of iron railways in situations where canals were uneconomic, building the Surrey iron railway which opened in 1803.

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1147

William Jessop

by George Dance
pencil, 1796
NPG 1147

1075

Men of Science Living in 1807-8

by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
NPG 1075

1075a

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8'

by George Zobel, and William Walker
engraving, 1862
NPG 1075a