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King John (1167-1216), Reigned 1199-1216

Sitter associated with 28 portraits
Famous as the king who granted the Magna Carta in 1215, John was the youngest and favourite son of Henry II. He succeeded his brother Richard I (the Lionheart) as king in 1199 and his reputation has always suffered in comparison. Known as 'Lackland' or 'Softsword', he lost control of crown territory in Northern France in 1205 after a lengthy war. John's defeat and the high taxes raised to support the campaign sparked a rebellion amongst his barons at home. Civil unrest continued until John's death in 1216.

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King John

possibly by William Faithorne
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23645


King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23644


King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23647


King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23649


King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D33928


King Richard I ('the Lionheart'); King John (fictitious portraits)

probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22802


King John

probably by or after William Faithorne
etching, (early 1640s)
NPG D33929


King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, probably 18th century
NPG D23646


The Seal of King John from the Magna Carta

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D23650


King John

by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, 1706
NPG D23651


The Sovereigns of England, part 1

by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D34141


King John

by John Carwitham, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D42452


King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D23642


King John

by John Faber Jr
mezzotint, circa 1731
NPG D19190


King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1733
NPG D42230


King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1733
NPG D19699


King John

by Thomas Trotter, published by Thomas Cadell the Elder
line engraving, late 18th century
NPG D23648


King John

after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, late 18th century? (1618)
NPG D42229


King John

by William Ridley, published by Charles Cooke
stipple engraving, possibly early 19th century
NPG D23643


'King John Granting Magna Charta' (King John)

by Alfred Adlard, after Robert Trewick Bone
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D4067


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