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King John (1167-1216), Reigned 1199-1216

Sitter associated with 28 portraits
Famous as the king who granted the Magna Carta in 1215, John was the youngest and favourite son of Henry II. He succeeded his brother Richard I (the Lionheart) as king in 1199 and his reputation has always suffered in comparison. Known as 'Lackland' or 'Softsword', he lost control of crown territory in Northern France in 1205 after a lengthy war. John's defeat and the high taxes raised to support the campaign sparked a rebellion amongst his barons at home. Civil unrest continued until John's death in 1216.

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King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1733
NPG D19699


King John

by Thomas Trotter, published by Thomas Cadell the Elder
line engraving, late 18th century
NPG D23648


King John

after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, late 18th century? (1618)
NPG D42229


King John

by William Ridley, published by Charles Cooke
stipple engraving, possibly early 19th century
NPG D23643


'King John Granting Magna Charta' (King John)

by Alfred Adlard, after Robert Trewick Bone
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D4067