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Amy Johnson (1903-1941), Airwoman
Amy Johnson (later Mollison)
Sitter in 26 portraits
Aviator. Johnson was brought up in Hull and graduated from Sheffield University in 1925. She learned to fly and qualified as a ground-engineer in 1929. The following year she flew solo to Australia in nineteen days, winning a £10,000 prize offered by the Daily Mail. This was followed by record-breaking flights to Tokyo via Siberia in nine days in 1931 and to Cape Town in 1932. She married the American pioneer aviator Jim Mollison in 1932. Together they flew to Karachi in 1934 and to the Cape and back in 1936. As a woman, she was ineligible to fly with the RAF in World War Two and joined the Air Transport Auxiliary. She was drowned after baling out of her Airspeed Oxford over the Thames Estuary.