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John Maynard Keynes, Baron Keynes (1883-1946), Economist
Sitter in 25 portraits
Keynes took up a lectureship at Cambridge on Economics in 1908 and was the editor of the Economic Journal from 1912 to 1945. He wrote The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919) and his General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936) led to the establishment of 'Keynesian economics'. After the Second World War he played a leading part in founding the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Keynes's enquiring mind, which so impressed his friend Lytton Strachey, his affair with Duncan Grant and his lasting respect for Vanessa Bell, made him a key figure in Bloomsbury. He married the Russian ballerina Lydia Lopokova in 1925.