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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

(1850-1916), Field Marshal

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

Sitter in 149 portraits
Kitchener achieved renown with military successes in the Sudan (1898-9) and as Chief-of-Staff to Lord Roberts during the Boer War (1899-1902). Commander-in-Chief in India (1902-9), and made Secretary of State for War in 1914, he used recruitment campaigns to dramatically expand the British army. Alfred Leete's artwork, 'Your County Needs You', was based on Bassano's photograph of Kitchener, with the addition of a pointing arm. It first appeared on the cover of London Opinion magazine on 5 September 1914 and was adopted for recruitment purposes soon after. Several poster and postcard versions followed, and it became one of the most iconic images of the World War One era.

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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, and  Frederick Goodall - NPG 1782

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, and Frederick Goodall
oil on canvas, 1890
On display in Room 23 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1782

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Alexander Bassano - NPG P1700(41c)

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
printing-out paper print, 1895
NPG P1700(41c)

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Sir Leslie Ward - NPG 2684

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Sir Leslie Ward
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 23 February 1899
NPG 2684

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Charles Mendelssohn Horsfall - NPG 1780

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Charles Mendelssohn Horsfall
pastel, octagonal, 1899
NPG 1780

Encaenia at the University of Oxford, by Unknown photographer - NPG P1700(43)

Encaenia at the University of Oxford

by Unknown photographer
printing-out paper print, 21 June 1899
NPG P1700(43)

Statesmen of World War I, by Sir James Guthrie - NPG 2463

Statesmen of World War I

by Sir James Guthrie
oil on canvas, 1924-1930
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2463

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Otto Schoefft - NPG x15599

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Otto Schoefft
albumen cabinet card, October 1884-June 1885
NPG x15599

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Elliott & Fry, published by  Ogden's - NPG x136566

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Elliott & Fry, published by Ogden's
cigarette card, published circa late 1890s (circa 1885)
NPG x136566

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by and after Alexander Bassano - NPG Ax136825

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by and after Alexander Bassano
bromide print, circa 1902 (1885-1895)
NPG Ax136825

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, after Elliott & Fry - NPG x196882

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

after Elliott & Fry
halftone postcard print, early 1900s (circa 1885)
NPG x196882

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96286

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1885
NPG x96286

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96287

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1885
NPG x96287

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96290

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1885
NPG x96290

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96292

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1885
NPG x96292

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96293

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1885
NPG x96293

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