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Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

(1850-1916), Field Marshal

Sitter in 149 portraits
Kitchener achieved renown with military successes in the Sudan (1898-9) and as Chief-of-Staff to Lord Roberts during the Boer War (1899-1902). Commander-in-Chief in India (1902-9), and made Secretary of State for War in 1914, he used recruitment campaigns to dramatically expand the British army. Alfred Leete's artwork, 'Your County Needs You', was based on Bassano's photograph of Kitchener, with the addition of a pointing arm. It first appeared on the cover of London Opinion magazine on 5 September 1914 and was adopted for recruitment purposes soon after. Several poster and postcard versions followed, and it became one of the most iconic images of the World War One era.

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Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, and  Frederick Goodall - NPG 1782

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, and Frederick Goodall
oil on canvas, 1890
On display in Room 23 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1782

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Alexander Bassano - NPG P1700(41c)

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Alexander Bassano
printing-out paper print, 1895
NPG P1700(41c)

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Sir Leslie Ward - NPG 2684

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Sir Leslie Ward
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 23 February 1899
NPG 2684

Encaenia at the University of Oxford, by Unknown photographer - NPG P1700(43)

Encaenia at the University of Oxford

by Unknown photographer
printing-out paper print, 21 June 1899
NPG P1700(43)

Statesmen of World War I, by Sir James Guthrie - NPG 2463

Statesmen of World War I

by Sir James Guthrie
oil on canvas, 1924-1930
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2463

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Otto Schoefft - NPG x15599

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Otto Schoefft
albumen cabinet card, October 1884-June 1885
NPG x15599

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Elliott & Fry, published by  Ogden's - NPG x136566

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Elliott & Fry, published by Ogden's
cigarette card, published circa late 1890s (circa 1885)
NPG x136566

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by and after Alexander Bassano - NPG Ax136825

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by and after Alexander Bassano
bromide print, circa 1902 (1885-1895)
NPG Ax136825

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, after Elliott & Fry - NPG x196882

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

after Elliott & Fry
halftone postcard print, early 1900s (circa 1885)
NPG x196882

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96300

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Alexander Bassano
quarter-plate glass negative, 1885
NPG x96300

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x127982

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Alexander Bassano
printing-out paper cabinet card, 1895
NPG x127982

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Alexander Bassano, published by  J. Beagles & Co - NPG x193878

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Alexander Bassano, published by J. Beagles & Co
bromide postcard print, 1900s (1895)
NPG x193878

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Alexander Bassano, published by  Ogden's - NPG x197036

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Alexander Bassano, published by Ogden's
cigarette card, 1895, published circa 1898-1907
NPG x197036

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, by Alexander Bassano, published by  P. Scopes & Co Ltd - NPG x196885

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Alexander Bassano, published by P. Scopes & Co Ltd
embossed halftone postcard print, 1914-1916 (1895)
NPG x196885

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