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Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum (1850-1916), Field Marshal

Sitter in 137 portraits
Kitchener achieved renown with military successes in the Sudan (1898-9) and as Chief-of-Staff to Lord Roberts during the Boer War (1899-1902). Commander-in-Chief in India (1902-9), and made Secretary of State for War in 1914, he used recruitment campaigns to dramatically expand the British army. Alfred Leete's artwork, 'Your County Needs You', was based on Bassano's photograph of Kitchener, with the addition of a pointing arm. It first appeared on the cover of London Opinion magazine on 5 September 1914 and was adopted for recruitment purposes soon after. Several poster and postcard versions followed, and it became one of the most iconic images of the World War One era.

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D36895

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Grove & Son, after Heinrich von Angeli
photograph, before 1936 (1899)
NPG D36895

D42738

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

published by The Autotype Company, after Sir Arthur Stockdale Cope
photogravure, published 15 June 1900
NPG D42738

D36892

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Sir Robert Ponsonby Staples, Bt
colour halftone with watercolour heightened with bodytone, 1 August 1902
On display in Room 23: Show case at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D36892

D9537

"K. of K."

published by The Crown, after Frederick Drummond Niblett ('Nibs')
coloured print, published 23 March 1907
NPG D9537

D36894

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

published by Illustrated London News, after Bourne & Shepherd
lithograph, published 13 June 1916
NPG D36894

Ax38739

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

by Unknown photographer
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s-1870s
NPG Ax38739