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John Knox

(circa 1514-1572), Scottish reformer and historian

Sitter associated with 35 portraits
John Knox was the foremost leader of the Scottish Reformation, who set the austere moral tone of the Church of Scotland and shaped the democratic form of government it adopted. He was influenced by George Wishart, who was burned for heresy in 1546, and the following year Knox became the spokesman for the Reformation in Scotland. After a period of intermittent imprisonment and exile in England and on the European continent, in 1559 he returned to Scotland, where he supervised the preparation of the constitution and liturgy of the Reformed Church. His most important literary work was his History of the Reformation in Scotland.

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Unknown man, formerly known as John Knox, by Unknown artist - NPG 72

Unknown man, formerly known as John Knox

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, late 16th century
NPG 72

John Knox, after Unknown artist - NPG D20940

John Knox

after Unknown artist
line engraving, after 1572
NPG D20940

John Knox, after Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D3505

John Knox

after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
wood engraving, published 1580
NPG D3505

Probably John Knox, after Vaensoun - NPG D18555

Probably John Knox

after Vaensoun
wood engraving, published 1581
NPG D18555

John Knox, after Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D25289

John Knox

after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
woodcut?, possibly 1586
NPG D25289

John Knox, after Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D20938

John Knox

after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
wood engraving, 17th century?
NPG D20938

The Primitive Reformers, by Unknown artist - NPG D42454

The Primitive Reformers

by Unknown artist
etching, 17th century
NPG D42454

John Knox, by Hendrik Hondius (Hond), after  Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D21442

John Knox

by Hendrik Hondius (Hond), after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
line engraving, 1602
NPG D21442

John Knox, by Hendrik Hondius (Hond), after  Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D25284

John Knox

by Hendrik Hondius (Hond), after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
line engraving, 1602
NPG D25284

John Knox, by Hendrik Hondius (Hond), after  Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D20939

John Knox

by Hendrik Hondius (Hond), after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
line engraving, 1602
NPG D20939

John Knox, by Gaspar Bouttats, after  Hendrik-Frans Verbruggen - NPG D20941

John Knox

by Gaspar Bouttats, after Hendrik-Frans Verbruggen
line engraving, mid-late 17th century
NPG D20941

John Knox, after Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D42332

John Knox

after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
line engraving, circa 1650
NPG D42332

Ignatius Loyola and fellow Jesuits, after Unknown artist - NPG D24795

Ignatius Loyola and fellow Jesuits

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D24795

John Knox, by Étienne Jehandier Desrochers - NPG D25283

John Knox

by Étienne Jehandier Desrochers
line engraving, possibly early 18th century
NPG D25283

John Knox, after Adrian Vanson (van Son) - NPG D25285

John Knox

after Adrian Vanson (van Son)
line engraving, probably early 18th century
NPG D25285

John Knox, after Unknown artist - NPG D25286

John Knox

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D25286

John Knox, after Unknown artist - NPG D25287

John Knox

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D25287

John Knox, after Vaensoun - NPG D42333

John Knox

after Vaensoun
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D42333

Unknown man, formerly known as John Knox, after Unknown artist - NPG D3443

Unknown man, formerly known as John Knox

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 18th century
NPG D3443

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