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William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts

Sitter associated with 63 portraits
Petty, who was styled Viscount Fitzmaurice, entered the Army after university and served in the Seven Years' War. In 1760, he was promoted colonel and appointed aide-de-camp to King George III. That year he was elected to Parliament for the borough of Chipping Wycombe. Before he could take his seat, his father died and he entered the House of Lords. He served in senior offices including First Lord of Trade and Home Secretary. In 1782 he was appointed Prime Minister on the death of Lord Rockingham. The Whigs refused to serve under him and combined with Lord North to defeat him the following year. In 1784, he was created Marquess of Lansdowne, after which he retired from politics.

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L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

D3536

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1764)
NPG D3536

D9553

'Date obolum Belisario' (Isaac Barré; William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne))

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 24 August 1782
NPG D9553

D9562

'Paradise lost'

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 17 July 1782
NPG D9562

D9822

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 14 May 1782
NPG D9822

D12302

'Aside he turn'd for envy, yet with jealous leer malign, eyd them askance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 December 1782
NPG D12302

D12304

'Banco to the knave'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 April 1782
NPG D12304

D12310

'Gloria Mundi, or - the Devil addressing the sun'

by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 July 1782
NPG D12310

D12311

'The Jubilee'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 2 August 1782
NPG D12311

D12315

'Jove in his chair'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 11 September 1782
NPG D12315

D12323

'Malagrida and conspirators, consulting the ghost of Oliver Cromwell'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published June 1782
NPG D12323

D12324

'Guy Vaux'

by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published circa June 1782
NPG D12324

D12986

'The kettle hooting the porridge-pot' (William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne); Charles James Fox)

by James Gillray, published by P.J. Leatherhead
hand-coloured etching, published 23 July 1782
NPG D12986

D16764

'Paradise lost'

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 17 July 1782
NPG D16764

D12233

'Razor's levée, or ye heads of a new Whig ad...........n on a broad bottom'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 21 April 1783
NPG D12233

D12343

'Banditti'

by John Boyne, published by Edward Hedges
etching, published 22 December 1783
NPG D12343

D37170

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D37170

D5019

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D5019

D12358

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 12 March 1787
NPG D12358

D12360

'Honi soit qui mal y pense'

by James Gillray, published by John Jarvis
hand-coloured etching, published 2 April 1787
NPG D12360

D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

D14181

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D14181

D12377

'Market day'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1788
NPG D12377

D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

D13065

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 4 June 1788
NPG D13065

D12441

'Malagrida, driving post'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and soft-ground etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12441

D9823

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne) ('Chauvelin')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D9823

D9824

'A gazette extraordinary from Berkeley Square'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 31 May 1794
NPG D9824

D12257

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 17 March 1794
NPG D12257

D12483

'Jack a' both sides!'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 1 January 1794
NPG D12483

D12260

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 14 April 1795
NPG D12260

D12519

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12519

D12520

'The prophet of Hebrews, - the prince of peace - conducting the Jews to the promis'd-land'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12520

D12528

'Presages of the millenium'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 4 June 1795
NPG D12528

D12543

'The Republican attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1795
NPG D12543

D12548

'The royal bull-fight'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
NPG D12548

D13083

'Light expelling darkness, - evaporation of stygian exhalations, - or - the sun of the constitution, rising superior to the clouds of opposition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, soft-ground etching and engraving, published 30 April 1795
NPG D13083

D12579

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1796
NPG D12579

D4419

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by Riley, after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, published 1798
NPG D4419

D12636

'Les membres du Conseil des Anciens'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple and etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12636

D12650

'Shrine at St Ann's Hill'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured aquatint, published 26 May 1798
NPG D12650

D12659

'Nelson's Victory; - or - good-news operating upon loyal-feelings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 3 October 1798
NPG D12659

D12754

'The Union Club'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 January 1801
NPG D12754

D12829

'The state waggoner, and John Bull - or - the waggon too much for the donkeys!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 March 1804
NPG D12829

D13108

'Middlesex-election. 1804'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 7 August 1804
NPG D13108

D17331

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Bone, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 31 October 1806 (1787-1788)
NPG D17331

D17319

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Bone, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, September 1807 (1787-1788)
NPG D17319

D37169

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by John Henry Robinson, published by Harding & Lepard, after William Derby, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 1 January 1832 (1766)
NPG D37169

D15788

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by John Henry Robinson, published by Harding & Lepard, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 1 December 1836 (1766)
NPG D15788

D7400

Junius

by G.F. Storm, printed by S.H. Hawkins, published by John Britton, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1847 (1787-1788)
NPG D7400