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William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts

Sitter associated with 66 portraits
Petty, who was styled Viscount Fitzmaurice, entered the Army after university and served in the Seven Years' War. In 1760, he was promoted colonel and appointed aide-de-camp to King George III. That year he was elected to Parliament for the borough of Chipping Wycombe. Before he could take his seat, his father died and he entered the House of Lords. He served in senior offices including First Lord of Trade and Home Secretary. In 1782 he was appointed Prime Minister on the death of Lord Rockingham. The Whigs refused to serve under him and combined with Lord North to defeat him the following year. In 1784, he was created Marquess of Lansdowne, after which he retired from politics.

List Thumbnail

D12343

'Banditti'

by John Boyne, published by Edward Hedges
etching, published 22 December 1783
NPG D12343

D37170

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D37170

D5019

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D5019

D12358

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 12 March 1787
NPG D12358

D12360

'Honi soit qui mal y pense'

by James Gillray, published by John Jarvis
hand-coloured etching, published 2 April 1787
NPG D12360

D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

D14181

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D14181

D12377

'Market day'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1788
NPG D12377

D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

D13065

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 4 June 1788
NPG D13065

D12441

'Malagrida, driving post'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and soft-ground etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12441

D45919

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne) ('Chauvelin')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D45919

D9823

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne) ('Chauvelin')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D9823

D9824

'A gazette extraordinary from Berkeley Square'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 31 May 1794
NPG D9824

D12257

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 17 March 1794
NPG D12257

D12483

'Jack a' both sides!'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 1 January 1794
NPG D12483

D12260

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 14 April 1795
NPG D12260

D12519

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12519

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