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William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

(1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts

Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Sitter associated with 67 portraits
Petty, who was styled Viscount Fitzmaurice, entered the Army after university and served in the Seven Years' War. In 1760, he was promoted colonel and appointed aide-de-camp to King George III. That year he was elected to Parliament for the borough of Chipping Wycombe. Before he could take his seat, his father died and he entered the House of Lords. He served in senior offices including First Lord of Trade and Home Secretary. In 1782 he was appointed Prime Minister on the death of Lord Rockingham. The Whigs refused to serve under him and combined with Lord North to defeat him the following year. In 1784, he was created Marquess of Lansdowne, after which he retired from politics.

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William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne), by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D37170

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D37170

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne), by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D5019

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D5019

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne), by James Gillray, published by  R. Phillips - NPG D12358

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 12 March 1787
NPG D12358

'Honi soit qui mal y pense', by James Gillray, published by  John Jarvis - NPG D12360

'Honi soit qui mal y pense'

by James Gillray, published by John Jarvis
hand-coloured etching, published 2 April 1787
NPG D12360

'Ancient music', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne), by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D14181

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
stipple engraving, published 1787
NPG D14181

'Market day', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12377

'Market day'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1788
NPG D12377

'State-jugglers', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788, by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13065

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 4 June 1788
NPG D13065

'Malagrida, driving post', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12441

'Malagrida, driving post'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and soft-ground etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12441

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne) ('Chauvelin'), by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D45919

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne) ('Chauvelin')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D45919

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne) ('Chauvelin'), by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9823

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne) ('Chauvelin')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D9823

'A gazette extraordinary from Berkeley Square', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9824

'A gazette extraordinary from Berkeley Square'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 31 May 1794
NPG D9824

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12257

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 17 March 1794
NPG D12257

'Jack a' both sides!', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12483

'Jack a' both sides!'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 1 January 1794
NPG D12483

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12260

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 14 April 1795
NPG D12260

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12519

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12519

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