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William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts

Sitter associated with 63 portraits
Petty, who was styled Viscount Fitzmaurice, entered the Army after university and served in the Seven Years' War. In 1760, he was promoted colonel and appointed aide-de-camp to King George III. That year he was elected to Parliament for the borough of Chipping Wycombe. Before he could take his seat, his father died and he entered the House of Lords. He served in senior offices including First Lord of Trade and Home Secretary. In 1782 he was appointed Prime Minister on the death of Lord Rockingham. The Whigs refused to serve under him and combined with Lord North to defeat him the following year. In 1784, he was created Marquess of Lansdowne, after which he retired from politics.

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D12543

'The Republican attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1795
NPG D12543

D12548

'The royal bull-fight'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
NPG D12548

D13083

'Light expelling darkness, - evaporation of stygian exhalations, - or - the sun of the constitution, rising superior to the clouds of opposition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, soft-ground etching and engraving, published 30 April 1795
NPG D13083

D12579

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1796
NPG D12579

D4419

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by Riley, after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, published 1798
NPG D4419

D12636

'Les membres du Conseil des Anciens'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple and etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12636

D12650

'Shrine at St Ann's Hill'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured aquatint, published 26 May 1798
NPG D12650

D12659

'Nelson's Victory; - or - good-news operating upon loyal-feelings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 3 October 1798
NPG D12659

D12754

'The Union Club'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 January 1801
NPG D12754

D12829

'The state waggoner, and John Bull - or - the waggon too much for the donkeys!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 March 1804
NPG D12829

D13108

'Middlesex-election. 1804'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 7 August 1804
NPG D13108

D17331

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Bone, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 31 October 1806 (1787-1788)
NPG D17331

D17319

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Bone, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, September 1807 (1787-1788)
NPG D17319

D37169

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by John Henry Robinson, published by Harding & Lepard, after William Derby, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 1 January 1832 (1766)
NPG D37169

D15788

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

by John Henry Robinson, published by Harding & Lepard, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 1 December 1836 (1766)
NPG D15788

D7400

Junius

by G.F. Storm, printed by S.H. Hawkins, published by John Britton, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1847 (1787-1788)
NPG D7400