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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

(1780-1863), Whig politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council

Sitter associated with 75 portraits
A Whig politician who won universal popularity for his charm and moderation, Petty-Fitzmaurice entered Parliament in 1802. His first office, aged twenty-five, was as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the coalition 'Ministry of All the Talents'. On nearly doubling property tax, he gained a reputation for high moral principles and sympathy with the oppressed. During the Whigs' long years in opposition, he championed various causes; anti-slavery, Catholic emancipation and law reform. In 1826-8 he led a faction of 'Canningite' Tories and served as Home Secretary, resisting electoral reform.

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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by Henry Walton - NPG 178

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Walton
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1805
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 178

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

The House of Commons, 1833, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 54

The House of Commons, 1833

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1833-1843
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 54

The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846, by John Partridge - NPG 342

The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846

by John Partridge
oil on canvas, circa 1846-1853
NPG 342

'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846', by John Partridge - NPG 343a

'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846'

by John Partridge
oil on paper, circa 1846
On display in Room 21 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 343a

Sketch for 'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846', by Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - NPG 343b

Sketch for 'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846'

by Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
pencil, circa 1846
NPG 343b

The Coalition Ministry, 1854, by Sir John Gilbert - NPG 1125

The Coalition Ministry, 1854

by Sir John Gilbert
pencil, pen and ink and wash, 1855
NPG 1125

Engraving after 'The Coalition Ministry, 1854', by William Walker, after  Sir John Gilbert - NPG 1125a

Engraving after 'The Coalition Ministry, 1854'

by William Walker, after Sir John Gilbert
engraving, 1857
NPG 1125a

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by (George) Herbert Watkins - NPG P301(12)

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by (George) Herbert Watkins
albumen print, late 1850s
NPG P301(12)

Key to 'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846', by Sir George Scharf - NPG 343c

Key to 'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846'

by Sir George Scharf
pen and ink and wash, 1872
NPG 343c

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by Caldesi, Blanford & Co - NPG Ax16421

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Caldesi, Blanford & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1860s
NPG Ax16421

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by Caldesi, Blanford & Co - NPG Ax17789

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Caldesi, Blanford & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1860s
NPG Ax17789

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by John Jabez Edwin Mayall - NPG Ax16420

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1 June 1861
NPG Ax16420

'Political-candour; - i.e. - Coalition-"resolutions" of June 14th 1805. - pro bono publico', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12846

'Political-candour; - i.e. - Coalition-"resolutions" of June 14th 1805. - pro bono publico'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 June 1805
NPG D12846

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13110

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 17 May 1805
NPG D13110

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by Henry Bone, after  Henry Walton - NPG D17330

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Bone, after Henry Walton
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, January 1806 (circa 1805)
NPG D17330

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by Charles Turner, after  Henry Walton - NPG D3537

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Charles Turner, after Henry Walton
mezzotint, published 1806
NPG D3537

'The cabinetical-balance', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12859

'The cabinetical-balance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1806
NPG D12859

'Making-decent; - i.e. - Broad-Bottomites getting into the grand costume', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12860

'Making-decent; - i.e. - Broad-Bottomites getting into the grand costume'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 February 1806
NPG D12860

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12861

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 5 March 1806
NPG D12861

'A tub for the whale', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12862

'A tub for the whale'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 March 1806
NPG D12862

'The bear and his leader', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12866

'The bear and his leader'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 19 May 1806
NPG D12866

'"The friend of the people", and his petty-new-tax-gatherer, paying John Bull a visit', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12867

'"The friend of the people", and his petty-new-tax-gatherer, paying John Bull a visit'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 May 1806
NPG D12867

'The triumph of Quassia', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12868

'The triumph of Quassia'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 June 1806
NPG D12868

'Visiting the sick', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12871

'Visiting the sick'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 July 1806
NPG D12871

'Westminster conscripts under the training act', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12872

'Westminster conscripts under the training act'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1806
NPG D12872

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12887

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 March 1807
NPG D12887

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12888

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1807
NPG D12888

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole', probably by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12891

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole'

probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1807
NPG D12891

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13114

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 April 1807
NPG D13114

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12913

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1808
NPG D12913

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