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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne (1780-1863), Politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council

Sitter associated with 73 portraits
A Whig politician who won universal popularity for his charm and moderation, Petty-Fitzmaurice entered Parliament in 1802. His first office, aged twenty-five, was as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the coalition 'Ministry of All the Talents'. On nearly doubling property tax, he gained a reputation for high moral principles and sympathy with the oppressed. During the Whigs' long years in opposition, he championed various causes; anti-slavery, Catholic emancipation and law reform. In 1826-8 he led a faction of 'Canningite' Tories and served as Home Secretary, resisting electoral reform.

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178

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Walton
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1805
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 178

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

54

The House of Commons, 1833

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1833-1843
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 54

342

The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846

by John Partridge
oil on canvas, circa 1846-1853
NPG 342

343a

'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846'

by John Partridge
oil on paper, circa 1846
On display in Room 21 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 343a

343b

Sketch for 'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846'

by Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
pencil, circa 1846
NPG 343b

1125

The Coalition Ministry, 1854

by Sir John Gilbert
pencil, pen and ink and wash, 1855
NPG 1125

1125a

Engraving after 'The Coalition Ministry, 1854'

by William Walker, after Sir John Gilbert
engraving, 1857
NPG 1125a

P301(12)

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by (George) Herbert Watkins
albumen print, late 1850s
NPG P301(12)

Ax16421

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Caldesi, Blanford & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1860s
NPG Ax16421

Ax17789

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Caldesi, Blanford & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1860s
NPG Ax17789

Ax16420

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1 June 1861
NPG Ax16420

D12846

'Political-candour; - i.e. - Coalition-"resolutions" of June 14th 1805. - pro bono publico'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 June 1805
NPG D12846

D13110

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 17 May 1805
NPG D13110

D17330

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Bone, after Henry Walton
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, January 1806 (circa 1805)
NPG D17330

D3537

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Charles Turner, after Henry Walton
mezzotint, published 1806
NPG D3537

D12859

'The cabinetical-balance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1806
NPG D12859

D12860

'Making-decent; - i.e. - Broad-Bottomites getting into the grand costume'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 February 1806
NPG D12860

D12861

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 5 March 1806
NPG D12861

D12862

'A tub for the whale'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 March 1806
NPG D12862

D12866

'The bear and his leader'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 19 May 1806
NPG D12866

D12867

'"The friend of the people", and his petty-new-tax-gatherer, paying John Bull a visit'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 May 1806
NPG D12867

D12868

'The triumph of Quassia'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 June 1806
NPG D12868

D12871

'Visiting the sick'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 July 1806
NPG D12871

D12872

'Westminster conscripts under the training act'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1806
NPG D12872

D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

D12887

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 March 1807
NPG D12887

D12888

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1807
NPG D12888

D12891

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole'

probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1807
NPG D12891

D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

D13114

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 April 1807
NPG D13114

D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

D12913

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1808
NPG D12913

D12914

'Patriotic-petitions on the convention'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published circa October 1808
NPG D12914

D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

D12917

'Pandora opening her box'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 February 1809
NPG D12917

D12921

'Overthrow of the Republican-Babel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 May 1809
NPG D12921

D12922

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1809
NPG D12922

D13118

'Tentanda via est qua me quoque possim tollere humo'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 8 August 1810
NPG D13118

D10718

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by William Henry Egleton, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mixed-method engraving, (circa 1827)
NPG D10718

D41004

Scene from a Suppressed Tragedy entitled The Turco Greek Conspiracy

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 18 June 1830
NPG D41004

D41017

The Noddle Bazaar

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 9 September 1830
NPG D41017

D41035

Drawing for the Twelfth Cake. A Hint to Cabinet Makers

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 21 December 1830
NPG D41035

D37172

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by John Charles Bromley, published by Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 25 August 1831 (circa 1827)
NPG D37172

D41055

Leap Frog Down Constitution Hill

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 13 April 1831
NPG D41055

D41124

Conspiracy to Blow Up the Parliament

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 4 April 1832
NPG D41124

D41142

New Reform Coach

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 17 June 1832
NPG D41142

D41147

A Parliamentary Group

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 12 July 1832
NPG D41147

D41327

Merry Go Round

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Ducôte & Stephens, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 15 May 1835
NPG D41327

D41349

A Swinish Multitude

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 7 October 1835
NPG D41349

D10714

The Reform Bill Receiving the King's Assent by Royal Commission, 7 June 1832

by William Walker, by Samuel William Reynolds Jr, after Samuel William Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1836
NPG D10714

D41366

The Irish Tutor

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 29 April 1836
NPG D41366