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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne (1780-1863), Politician, Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council

Sitter associated with 73 portraits
A Whig politician who won universal popularity for his charm and moderation, Petty-Fitzmaurice entered Parliament in 1802. His first office, aged twenty-five, was as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the coalition 'Ministry of All the Talents'. On nearly doubling property tax, he gained a reputation for high moral principles and sympathy with the oppressed. During the Whigs' long years in opposition, he championed various causes; anti-slavery, Catholic emancipation and law reform. In 1826-8 he led a faction of 'Canningite' Tories and served as Home Secretary, resisting electoral reform.