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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne (1780-1863), Politician, Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council

Sitter associated with 74 portraits
A Whig politician who won universal popularity for his charm and moderation, Petty-Fitzmaurice entered Parliament in 1802. His first office, aged twenty-five, was as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the coalition 'Ministry of All the Talents'. On nearly doubling property tax, he gained a reputation for high moral principles and sympathy with the oppressed. During the Whigs' long years in opposition, he championed various causes; anti-slavery, Catholic emancipation and law reform. In 1826-8 he led a faction of 'Canningite' Tories and served as Home Secretary, resisting electoral reform.

List Thumbnail

D12859

'The cabinetical-balance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1806
NPG D12859

D12860

'Making-decent; - i.e. - Broad-Bottomites getting into the grand costume'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 February 1806
NPG D12860

D12861

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 5 March 1806
NPG D12861

D12862

'A tub for the whale'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 March 1806
NPG D12862

D12866

'The bear and his leader'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 19 May 1806
NPG D12866

D12867

'"The friend of the people", and his petty-new-tax-gatherer, paying John Bull a visit'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 May 1806
NPG D12867

D12868

'The triumph of Quassia'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 June 1806
NPG D12868

D12871

'Visiting the sick'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 July 1806
NPG D12871

D12872

'Westminster conscripts under the training act'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1806
NPG D12872

D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

D12887

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 March 1807
NPG D12887

D12888

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1807
NPG D12888

D12891

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole'

probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1807
NPG D12891

D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

D13114

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 April 1807
NPG D13114

D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

D12913

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1808
NPG D12913

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